Taxation Year: It is worth mentioning that taxation years are the same as calendar years i.e. January 01 to December 31. To be eligible for adult grants of citizenship, the applicants would need to have met their personal income tax filing obligations in four taxation years that are fully or partially within the six years immediately prior to the date of application. For instance, consider a situation where a person applies for an adult grant of citizenship on June 01, 2017. The taxation years that fall entirely or partially within the six years immediately prior to the date of application are 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012 and 2011. It is worth mentioning that these individuals would not be able to use 2017. This is because they would not yet have filed their taxes for 2017.
Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) Program: This refers to the program that permits employers to hire foreign workers for filling short-term labour and skill shortages when no Canadians are available for doing the job. Employers would typically require a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) for hiring through this program. People refer to foreign workers hired as part of this program as temporary foreign workers (TFWs). These individuals could get work permits only after the Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) has concluded that no Canadians are available for doing the same job. For more details, refer to the definition of the term ‘Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)’.
Temporary Resident (or Visitor or Tourist): This refers to a foreign national who is in Canada legally for a short span of time. Temporary residents would typically include students, foreign workers and visitors such as tourists. For more details, refer to the definition of the term ‘Temporary Resident Visa (TRV)’.
Temporary Resident Documents: These denote documents issued to permit people to visit, work in or study in Canada for a specific duration. Temporary resident documents will typically feature expiry dates. Examples of temporary resident documents could include study permits, work permits and visitor records.
Temporary Resident Permit (TRP): This refers to a permit that the authorities could grant in exceptional circumstances to people who do not meet the requirements of Canada’s immigration law for entering or remaining temporarily in Canada.
Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) (or Tourist Visa): This denotes an official counterfoil document that a visa office abroad issues and places in a person’s passport to show that the individual has met the prescribed requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resident. A temporary resident could be a visitor, a student or a worker. The counterfoil refers to a specially designed sticker on which missions abroad print visa information. People also refer to this informally as a visitor or a tourist visa. It is worth mentioning that the authorities could issue the Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) for single or multiple entries to Canada. For more details, refer to the definitions of the terms ‘Single Entry Visa’, ‘Visitor Visa’ and ‘Multiple Entry Visa’.
Transit Visa: This refers to a temporary resident visa issued to people travelling through Canada to another country. The authorities usually charge no fee if the traveller will be in Canada for less than 48 hours. For obtaining this visa, the travellers would need to provide proof of their travel plans from their transportation companies or travel agents.
Travel Document: This denotes an identity document issued by a government or an international organisation (such as the United Nations (UN)). It would typically contain the person’s photograph and other personal information. In addition, it would enable the person to travel between countries. For more details, refer to the definition of the term ‘Passport’.
Tuition: This denotes the cost or fee for instruction at a private institution such as a school, a college or a university.
US Passport Card: This refers to a wallet sized travel document that US citizens typically use for entering the US from Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean or Bermuda at land border crossings or sea ports of entry.
Unemployed: This refers to a situation where a person does not have a job at this point in time but the person is actively seeking one.
University: This denotes a stage of higher education that usually comes after high school. Universities typically issue three types of degrees namely bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate. People would need to typically complete high school in order to qualify for attending a university. It is worth highlighting that in Canada, a college does not refer to a university. In Quebec, students would typically need to attend Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEPs) between high school and university.
Unauthorised Representative (or Authorised Representative): This refers to individuals who charge a fee or receive some form of compensation (whether direct or not) and who are not members in good standing of an accredited regulatory body.
Urgent Protection Program (UPP): This refers to a program that permits Canada to respond to urgent requests from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to resettle refugees who face immediate threats to their lives, liberty or physical safety.
Valid: This refers to a document that is legal, has not expired and is accepted by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).
Verification of Status Document: This denotes a document that includes a person’s immigration information. Such information could specify the date and place from where the person came to Canada. People can use this document for proving their immigration status. However, they cannot use this document for travelling. This is because this document is not an identity document.