Deportation Order: This refers to a removal order issued either by a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officer or the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) – an independent administrative tribunal. The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) is typically responsible for deciding immigration and refugee related matters. This order requires the individual to leave Canada because of serious offences or serious violations of Canada’s immigration law. It is worth mentioning that a person deported from Canada may not return without written permission from the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. For more details on this, refer to the section titled ‘Removals’ given on the website of Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).
Designated Angel Investor Group: This refers to a private business that is a member of the National Angel Capital Organisation (NACO). The Minister has the authority to designate a private business as a member of this group.
Designated Learning Institution (DLI): This refers to a school in Canada that student would need to find acceptance at prior to qualifying for a study permit. This is the status as of June 01, 2014. Readers would need to consult the list of Designated Learning Institutions (DLI) given on the website of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for schools at the post-secondary level. It is worth mentioning that all primary and secondary schools in Canada receive automatic designation. Thus, they do not need to appear on the list. Similarly, applicants for primary and secondary schools would not need to specify a Designated Learning Institution (DLI) number on their application forms. For more details, refer to the definition of the term ‘Secondary School’.
Designated Third Party Language Test: This denotes a test that demonstrates that the applicant’s language skills meet the prescribed standards in each of the four categories given below:
Reading and / or,
The authorities have designated certain agencies for giving the tests. This means that these agencies have the approval of the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for conducting these tests. The objective of these tests lies in verifying that the applicants meet the language requirements for their applications.
Designated Venture Capital Fund: This refers to a private business that is a member of the Canadian Venture Capital and Private Equity Association (CVCA). The Minister has the authority to designate a private business as a member of this group.
Direct Route to Citizenship: This refers to a process for a child born and adopted abroad by Canadian parents for receiving citizenship without having to immigrate to Canada first
Discover Canada:Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship is the only official study guide that applicants can use for preparing for the citizenship knowledge test. Applicants would need to study from this guide in order to prepare for the citizenship test. Applicants have the ability to use any other material for preparing for the citizenship test. However, those that choose to do so would be doing so at their own risk.
Divorced: This denotes a situation where a court has granted a divorce for the termination of a marriage. As a result of the divorce, the two people no longer remain married.
Dual or Multiple Citizenship: Situations could arise where a person is a legal citizen of two or more countries at the same time. It is worth highlighting that Canada’s citizenship laws permit dual or multiple citizenship. However, some other countries do not permit this.
Economic Class (or Economic Immigrant): This refers to a category of immigrants selected for their skills and ability to contribute to Canada’s economy. Economic Class immigrants would typically comprise:
Provincial and territorial nominees
Quebec skilled workers and,
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) members
The spouses and dependents of the people in the above-mentioned groups would also form a part of this class.
Educational Credential: This denotes any diploma, degree or trade or apprenticeship credential issued for the completion of a program of study or training at a recognised educational or training institution
Educational Institution (or Post Secondary School): This denotes any organisation that offers academic, technical or vocational programs of study such as a college or a university
Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA): This is a new entry requirement for visa-exempt foreign nationals travelling to Canada by air. This requirement enables Canada to screen travellers prior to their arrival. The authorisation is electronically linked to the passport of the foreign nationals. In addition, the authorisation is typically valid for five years or until the expiry of the passport – whichever takes place first.
Elementary School (or Primary School or Grade School or Public School or Middle School): This refers to any institution that provides educational programs for children starting between the ages of four and six years. The years of instruction would typically include kindergarten (the lowest level) and grades one through six (if the area has middle schools) or grades one through eight.
Eligible: This denotes that a person who is qualified to participate or be selected is eligible for something
Embassy (or Mission): This refers to a Government of Canada office located in the capital city of a non-Commonwealth country. An embassy usually provides the entire range of trade and consular services. However, it may or may not provide any immigration services. An example could be the Embassy of Canada in Paris, France. For more details, refer to the definitions of the terms ‘High Commission’, ‘Visa Office’ and ‘Consulate’.
eMedical: This is an online tool that doctors approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to do medical exams use for recording and sending Immigration Medical Exam (IME) results to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). This tool is more accurate, more convenient and faster than paper-based processing.
Emergency Services: This denotes public support that is available immediately in the event of a dangerous situation caused by fire, a health crisis or some criminal activity. These services would typically include:
The fire department
Ambulance services (if applicable) and / or,
A local emergency hotline
Employer Specific Work Permit: This refers to a type of work permit that usually indicates:
The name of the employer that a person can work for
The length of time for which the person can work and,
The location where the person can perform the work (if applicable)
People holding this type of work permit are only able to work for the employer for the length of time specified on the permit. In addition, they will only be able to work at the location specified on the permit (if applicable).
English as a Second Language (ESL) (or English Language Services for Adults or English Language Training or English as an Additional Language Program): This refers to a program used for teaching English to non-native speakers. It is worth mentioning that instructors typically teach English as a Second Language (ESL) in a setting where English is the dominant language.
Enhanced Language Training (ELT): This denotes a program that provides adult newcomers with advanced, job-specific language training in English or in French. It is worth mentioning that Enhanced Language Training (ELT) uses mentoring, job placements and other ways for helping newcomers find work as well.
Entrepreneur: This refers to an immigrant who has gained admission into Canada because the individual:
Has the relevant business experience and,
Has a legally obtained net worth of at least $300,000 Canadian dollars
The authorities place certain conditions on the entrepreneur for maintaining permanent resident status as an entrepreneur. Thus, the person agrees to:
Control at least one-third of the equity in a qualifying Canadian business
Actively manage the business and,
Create at least one full-time job for a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident
Excessive Demand: This refers to a situation when a person’s existing medical condition could end up placing a demand on health or social services that could likely:
Cost more to treat than the cost of caring for an average Canadian or,
Interfere with the provision of timely services to Canadian citizens or permanent residents
For more details, readers would need to go through the legal definition of excessive demand.