Exclusion Order: This refers to a removal order issued either by a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officer or the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) – an independent administrative tribunal. The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) is typically responsible for deciding immigration and refugee related matters. In many cases, people removed because of exclusion orders would not be able to return to Canada for one year without obtaining written permission. In addition, people issued exclusion orders for misrepresentation would not be able to return for five years without obtaining written permission too. For more details on this, refer to the section titled ‘Removals’ given on the website of Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).
Facilitator: A facilitator refers to a financial institution that:
- Has the approval of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)
- Is a member of the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC) and,
- Helps immigrant investors make and redeem their investments
False Representation: For more details, refer to the definition of the term ‘Misrepresentation’.
Family Class: This denotes an immigration category that comprises any family members sponsored to come to Canada by a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident
Family Members: This denotes an applicant’s closest relatives, in the context of an application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). The authorities usually define it as a spouse or common-law partner, dependent children and their dependent children.
Federal Skilled Worker: This denotes an immigrant selected as a permanent resident based on the immigrant’s education, work experience, knowledge of English and / or French and other criteria that have been shown to help people succeed in the Canadian labour market. The application will typically include spouses and children as well. It is worth mentioning that Quebec selects its own skilled workers. This is in accordance with the provisions specified under the Quebec Skilled Worker Class (QSW).
Financial Support: This refers to the situation where the applicant’s sponsor provides money to help the applicant pay for food, living expenses etc.
Foreign Credential Recognition (FCR): This refers to the process of verifying that the education and job experience obtained by an individual in another country are equal to the standards established for Canadian professionals. It is worth mentioning that credential recognition for regulated occupations is primarily a provincial responsibility that the authorities have delegated in legislation to regulatory bodies.
Foreign National: This refers to a person who is not a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident. For more details, the readers would need to go through the legal definition of a foreign national.
Foreign Student (or International Student): This denotes a temporary resident who is legally authorised for studying in Canada on a temporary basis. Barring a few exceptions, the foreign students would need to get study permits if they are taking a course of studies that will last for more than six months. For more details, the readers would need to go through the legal definition of a student.
Foreign Worker: This denotes a temporary resident whom the authorities have legally permitted to work in Canada on a temporary basis.
Francophone (or French Speaking Person): This refers to a person whose mother tongue is French or whose first official language in Canada is French. This is despite the fact that the person’s mother tongue is a language other than English or French.
French as a Second Language (FSL): This refers to a program used for teaching French to non-native speakers. It is worth mentioning that instructors typically teach French as a Second Language (FSL) in a setting where French is the dominant language.
Full-time Equivalent Studies: This denotes education completed on a part-time or accelerated basis that is equivalent to a full-time program of study.
Full-time Job Equivalent: The authorities have defined this as 1,560 hours of paid employment per year
Full-time Study (or Full-time Student): This denotes a study schedule that has a minimum number of hours i.e. 15 hours of instruction per week during the academic year. This minimum number of hours would also include any period of training in the workplace that is part of the student’s studies. It is worth highlighting that students would need to ask their schools about the full-time requirements of their study schedules.
Full Time Study Status: The educational institution of a student typically determines the full time study status. In many cases, the educational institution would base this status on the number of classroom hours per week.
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) (or International Agreement): This denotes an international agreement that provides the basis for giving some foreign business people easier access to Canada. Several countries that are members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have signed the agreement. This agreement covers three kinds of business people such as:
- Business visitors
- Professionals and,
- Employees transferred within a company to work in Canada
Given Name(s): A given name refers to the name given to a person at birth and by which people most commonly refer to that particular person. A person’s given name typically includes the first name and middle name. For instance, if a person’s name is Shane Donald McGuire, the given names for that person will be Shane Donald. It is worth mentioning that a person could well have one or more given names.