Quebec’s Immigration Minister Kathleen Weil has announced that the province is preparing to re-examine its immigration policy, which has been in place for the past 25 years and is due for a major reform.
Weil has said that the system needs to change in the way it selects, welcomes and integrates immigrants in the labor market. Under discussion will be the existing relationship between newcomers and Quebec’s society, the selection process, importance of value systems, regionalization, French language requirements, preferred countries of origin, and recognizing foreign educational and training qualifications.
In the next few weeks there will be public consultation hearings where about 50 stakeholders will participate. The debate on these issues will eventually shape Quebec’s new immigration policy. Weil said she expected a wide-reaching debate and was “very open to everything that will be proposed.”
In addition, another consultation is expected to be held later this year to address two important aspects of immigration – the maximum number of immigrants to be permitted into Quebec every year, and the preferred countries of origin. At present, Quebec receives between 50,000 and 55,000 immigrants per year, mostly from African nations. Figures from 2009-2013 reveal that one of every five immigrants to Quebec belonged to Morocco or Algeria.
Quebec’s new model may be inspired by Ottawa, focusing more on the need to match skilled immigrants with jobs available. Ottawa changed its immigration process last year for attracting new immigrants by focusing mainly on filling jobs, and thereby requiring applicants to produce a “declaration of interest” in migrating to Canada along with proof of skills that matches employers’ requirements.
Weil has said that the search for suitable candidates will have to be “more competitive” than in the past. The consultations will include employers from different sectors in the province defining their workforce requirements and providing “profiles” of suitable workers. Moreover professional associations will be urged to recognize foreign educational qualifications.
Unemployment among immigrants in Quebec has been on the rise, a factor that will also play a role in the immigration reform. The year 2013 saw an unemployment rate of 11.6% for new immigrants in Quebec, about 4% higher than unemployment among the general population. The gap existed even though most of the newcomers were well educated, with statistics showing that 57% had at least 14 years of schooling.
Quebec’s new immigration policy and action plan will be produced following extensive consultations. Weil will be presenting a bill proposing to modernize the existing immigration law. Weil has claimed that the new bill would be “the last piece of this large reform”.
Language requirements is another topic that will need a re-examination by the provincial government, who will need to decide on the desired level of knowledge a candidate must have in the French language. Current statistics reveal that 43% of the immigrants arriving in Quebec do not know a word of French when they arrive. Weil believes that newcomers should have adequate knowledge of French required to work and integrate in Quebec’s society.
Despite recent reports to the contrary, Quebec still is facing an extreme nursing shortage, according to nurses in Quebec.
A recent study by the Canadian Institute for Health Information claims that the nursing population in the province has grown so much it has outpaced overall population and labour market growth.
However, nurses are raising concern that the report has been affected by an increasing number of workers in administrative fields and not in hospitals where nurses are most needed. In fact, numerous hospitals across Quebec are delaying surgeries and other complex procedures precisely because there are not enough working nurses.
The Quebec Order of Nurses has been issuing more nursing licenses than it has in decades, at over 3,000 per year over the last two years.
Yet that rise in numbers is having little effect on the day-to-day operations of hospitals, argues Nathan Friedland, a nurse in a busy MUHC surgical ward. Friedland says that many nurses today are able to build entire careers outside of hospitals, ICUs and surgical wards – which are oftentimes the most challenging working environments for nurses.
“When one finally becomes a nurse, no one tells you where you have to work,” says Friedland in a recent letter to the Montreal Gazette, adding that less nurses are working in hospitals today. “Because of burnout, fatigue and good old stress, many nurses must call in sick from time to time, forcing managers to try and find someone to replace them. Most of the time, they are unsuccessful, and if it is that hospital’s policy not to use agency nurses to replace the sick call, the only alternative is to give more patients to each nurse.”
The Quebec Health Department estimates a shortage of approximately 4,000 nurses per year over the next three years. Extra labour pressures will be felt as Quebec continues to build and expand health care facilities. There are currently two mega-hospital construction projects underway in the city of Montreal alone.
Source: Montreal Gazette
The Quebec government selects business people, entrepreneurs and high net worth individuals wishing to become Canadian permanent residents and settle in the province.
Candidates may be eligible to apply under one of three business immigration categories:
The Quebec government continues to promote the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program. The three primary conditions to be eligible under the program, which were updated in 2018, are:
- Demonstrate a personal net worth of at least $2 million legally acquired through conducting business or holding a high-level management position in a private company, government or NGO.
a) Having owned and operated a business for two years in the previous five years, OR
b) Having held a high-level management position for two years in the previous five years in a private company, government or NGO.
- Invest $1.2 million in a passive government guaranteed investment for a period of five years and receive no interest. Applicants may finance their investment.
Every year, the government places numerical and territorial quotas on applications.
Complete our Free Assessment to determine whether you qualify for immigration to Canada under the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program.
The Quebec Immigrant Entrepreneur Program aims to recruit individuals who have the skills and experience to operate a business in the province. The primary conditions to apply are:
- Demonstrate a legally acquired personal net worth of at least $300,000.
- Demonstrate significant ownership and day to day senior management of a successful business for two years in the previous five years.
- Commit to investing a minimum of $100,000 in establishing, purchasing or expanding a business or entering into a successful partnership and retaining at least 25 per cent ownership interest.
- Commit to creating at least one full time job for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Applicants are also evaluated according to various selection factors and must obtain a minimum number of points based on their education, work experience, age, language proficiency, business plan, and ties to Quebec.
Every year, the government accepts a limited number of applications in the entrepreneur category.
Complete our Free Assessment to determine whether you qualify for immigration to Canada as a Quebec Immigrant Entrepreneur Program.
To qualify under the Quebec Self-Employed Program, applicants must meet the following conditions that differentiates them from the Quebec Skilled Worker Program.
- Have two years of applicable experience.
- Possess a personal net worth of $100,000.
- Have sufficient settlement funds to support themselves and their family.
- Work in a profession defined in the National Occupational Classification. Prospective applicants must also meet licensing requirements for their profession.
Like skilled workers, a self-employed applicant is assessed on nine factors and must obtain sufficient points in order to qualify.
Complete our Free Assessment to determine whether you qualify for immigration to Canada via the Quebec Self-Employed Program.
The Province of Quebec administers its own immigration programs with selection criteria that are distinct and more predictable from those of federal and other provincial immigration programs.
Foreign nationals wishing to settle permanently in Quebec must undergo a two-step immigration process.
- They must be selected by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion (MIDI), Quebec’s immigration authority. Selected applicants will receive a Quebec Certificat de Sélection (CSQ).
- An approved CSQ holder must file an application with Canadian federal immigration authorities. The federal government’s role in evaluating a Quebec application for permanent residence is mainly limited to issues of health and criminality.
Each Canadian province and the three territories have their own Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), in order to serve their individual immigration needs. Many of them also run their own categories under the Canada Express Entry System. As a result, the provinces have an increasing role in the selection of economic immigrants.
Applying for admission to Canada as a permanent resident under a provincial program follows a two-stage process. Applicants who receive a PNP nomination can then apply for permanent residence.
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In some instances, candidates who do not qualify under one of the federal programs may qualify for admission to Canada under a PNP. Some candidates may also qualify for a temporary work permit in the interim, allowing for early entry to Canada for the applicant and their accompanying dependants.
Under the federal 2017 immigration numbers plan, 51,000 newcomers will be welcomed through provincial programs. The target for 2018 is 55,000, rising to nearly 68,000 by 2020.
However, many of the large provincial programs face problems with processing delays. Canada attracts considerable interest from potential new immigrants, far surpassing the processing capacity of immigration programs.
The Canada Express Entry system has successfully tackled processing delays, while many of the provinces are now choosing to open and close their popular streams periodically throughout the year to avoid large backlogs.
Provincial Nominee Program
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Under the provincial programs, candidates are nominated by a prospective employer and, once approved by the province, are subject to an expedited process. In the initial stages, applicants can receive temporary, renewable work permits to enter Canada while they are being processed for permanent residence.
The skilled worker-based provincial programs, with the exception of Quebec, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, generally require an employer to sponsor the applicant for admission to Canada. Without a government-approved employer sponsorship, the application will either not be approved, or will be routinely passed over in favour of applications with an employer sponsored approval.
Sponsoring employers under most provincial programs must demonstrate sufficient efforts to hire local Canadians and offer competitive terms and conditions of employment that are relevant to a particular occupation. Between provinces, variations exist in the terms and conditions of employment to qualify to sponsor a foreign worker.
To qualify as a sponsored employee, the position being filled must generally conform to a National Occupation Classification skill level of O, A, B; or alternatively, must meet the terms of a particular pilot project designed for a specific critical skill shortage identified by the province.
Pilot programs within the provinces are designed for low skilled workers and are limited in scope. Most of the provinces have variations of pilot projects for low skilled occupations.
The Economic Class comprises of professionals and skilled workers under the federal skilled worker program,federal skilled trades, the Canadian experience class, the provincial nominee class and the Quebec skilled worker class. The Economic Class also includes business, investment-based programs.
IRCC manages skilled worker, economic class immigration programs using the Express Entry system. Applicants who meet basic criteria, submit an online profile to the express entry pool known as an expression of interest, under one of the above 3 federal Canada immigration programs or a participating provincial immigration program.
The profiles of candidates in the pool are ranked against each other, under a Comprehensive Ranking System. The highest ranked candidates will be considered for an invitation to apply for permanent residence under regular draws. Candidates who receive an invitation to apply, must quickly submit a full application, within a delay of 90-days. The government aims to process cases in only 6-months.
Business immigration programs offering permanent admission to Canada comprise of the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP), Quebec Entrepreneur program, Quebec Self-Employed, several Provincial Nominee Entrepreneur programs, the Federal Immigrant Investor Venture Capital (IIVC) Pilot Program and the Federal Start-Up Visa program.
The Provincial Nominee Entrepreneur programs and self-employed programs are aimed at individuals with a mid-range personal net worth who intend to establish and operate a business in Canada. The Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP) and Federal Immigrant Investor Venture Capital (IIVC) Pilot Program are suited for high net worth individuals who wish to make a passive investment with no obligation to establish a business.
Wealthy business immigrants may also buy or establish a new business in Canada and qualify for a temporary work visa, under federal ‘owner-operator’ policies. After a period of time, qualified applicants may submit an application for permanent residence under a provincial nominee class program, or under the express entry system.
Under the federal family class, current sponsorship policies promote the reunion in Canada of Canadian citizens and permanent residents with their close relatives including a spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner 16 years of age or older, an unmarried dependent child under the age of 22, a parent or grandparent, and a brother, sister, nephew, niece, grandchild who is an orphan, unmarried and under 18 years of age or any other relative where the sponsor has none of the above relatives or family members, in Canada or abroad.
Canadians may also sponsor parents and grandparents for permanent residents through an annual lottery process. Candidates who are not selected can apply for a long-term visitor Parents and Grandparents Super Visa.
Interested employers: Kindly contact us here to receive further information.
Interested candidates: Find out whether you qualify to Canada by completing our free on-line evaluation. We will provide you with our evaluation within 1-2 business days.