The following essay appeared in Canada’s Immigration & Citizenship Bulletin, 29 Imm. & Cit., No.4 2018, and was written by Colin Singer, Magali Desjardins and Maria Parau at www.immigration.ca.
October 3, 2018 – Since the coming into effect of the Cullen Couture Agreement in 1978, as amended by subsequent accords between the Governments of Canada and Quebec (Canada-Quebec Accord Relating to Immigration and Temporary Admission of Aliens, 1991; An act respecting immigration to Québec, R.S.Q., c. I-0.2), the Quebec government has extensive powers in immigration, to administer the admission of foreign nationals to its province.
On April 6, 2016, Quebec government tabled new legislation “Quebec Immigration Act”. On July 18, 2018, it tabled new regulations “Quebec Immigration Regulation” providing for a significant overhaul of its immigration programs, which are both now in force.
The highlights of the new immigration programs include:
- Introduction of a federal style Expression of Interest immigration system “Arrima” for skilled worker applicants, replacing the former first-come, first-served process.
- New Skilled Worker selection grid, awarding points for a job offer across multiple regions of Quebec.
- Expansion of the Quebec Experience Program permitting workers or their spouse / de facto spouse to hold any skill level employment in Quebec.
- Introduction of a new Entrepreneur stream for entrepreneurs receiving support from a business accelerator, incubator or university entrepreneurship centre.
- Increase of Quebec Investor net worth and investment requirements.
- Introduction of start-up and security deposits for entrepreneur and self-employed worker programs.
The majority of foreign nationals are selected each year under the Economic Class. This comprises the following five programs:
- Skilled workers: A foreign national who settles in Quebec to hold employment the foreign national is likely able to hold. This determination is made primarily on the basis of the candidate’s education and experience as well as other selection factors.
- Quebec Experience Program: A foreign national having worked in Quebec for a period of 12 months within the 24 months preceding the date of the application, or having obtained, within the three years preceding the application, an eligible diploma from a Quebec educational institution after completing at least half the duration of their program of studies in Quebec, and who can demonstrate an intermediate-advanced French language proficiency through means of standardized testing. The Quebec experience program is a sub-category of the skilled worker category.
- Entrepreneur Program: A foreign national who comes to Quebec to 1) operate a business that he creates alone or with others and who received a service offer from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center or 2) who creates (25% ownership) or acquires a business (control of at least 51% of the business).
- Investor Program: A foreign national with suitable management experience of two years in the five years preceding the application, who alone or with his accompanying spouse or de facto spouse has net assets of at least $2,000,000 obtained legally, excluding amounts recently gifted, who undertakes to invest $1,200,000 for five years, in a prescribed investment.
- Self-employed Worker Program: A foreign national who will come to Quebec to create employment for the applicant by practicing a profession defined in the National Occupational Classification.
The selection process is points based. The Quebec Department of Immigration (Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion “MIDI”), typically legislates by Ministerial Order, the number of points that can be allocated to each of the selection factors; the authority to create, eliminate and/or modify a mandatory minimum number of points which applicants can be required to obtain for each of the selection factors within each class of immigrants; and the authority to retrospectively enact regulatory amendments which could apply to applications submitted prior to an amendment and which have not proceeded to a specified point in the assessment process.
Under the current annual immigration plan, Quebec has legislative authority to admit near 50,000 immigrants, including approximately 30,000 economic class immigrants to its province, far more than any of the other provinces in Canada. The new Premier designate Francois Legault, of the Coalition Avenir du Quebec has proposed a reduction of annual levels by 10,000, beginning in 2019.
Each year the MIDI submits its annual report to the Quebec National Assembly outlining the number of immigrants to be admitted to the province in the following year. Where immigration levels are reached in a given year, across all levels or within sub classes of the immigration plan, the Minister may suspend the processing of existing inventory until the subsequent year.
As in the case of skilled workers, entrepreneurs, investors and self-employed applicants are required to successfully complete a mandatory pre-screening evaluation.
An investor is defined as a foreign national with at least two years in the five years preceding the application, of management experience (duties related to the planning, management and control of financial resources and of human or material resources under the investor’s authority, provided that such responsibilities and duties are not assumed in the context of an apprenticeship, training, or specialization process attested to by a diploma) in a legal farming, commercial or industrial business, or a suitable legal professional business (whose personnel include at least two full time employees excluding the owner and his spouse), or a government department.
The investor, alone or with his accompanying spouse or de facto spouse, must have net assets of at least $2,000,000 obtained legally, excluding amounts received by gift within the period of six months prior to the submission of an application. The investor must undertake to invest $1,200,000 for five years, in a prescribed investment.
Suitable management experience can derive from a commercial, industrial, professional enterprise or a government agency.
Previous policy changes have given investor’s management experience a more liberal application to allow professionals such as doctors, dentists, pharmacists, accountants, lawyers and engineers who operate their own professional practices, which employ at least two full-time personnel, to qualify as an investor.
Under the Quebec program, immigrant investment proceeds are allocated to Quebec and guaranteed by way of a promissory note issued by Investissement Québec, a Quebec government owned corporation. The five-year investment period begins immediately following Quebec approval which often takes place long before the investor comes to Canada. If the investor is refused by the federal authorities for a medical or security inadmissibility, the investment less applicable financing charges is refunded.
The MIDI will receive a maximum of 1900 new investor applications during the period September 10, 2018 through March 15, 2019. From the 1900 available places, 1235 are reserved for applicants from China, Hong Kong and Macao. The remaining 665 applications are open for everyone else meeting the criteria. However, candidates who demonstrate an intermediate-advanced knowledge of French language (by presenting French test results of level B2 in speaking and listening) may apply at any time and are not subject to any annual quotas.
Under the Quebec Immigration Regulation an entrepreneur is a foreign national who is of at least 18 years of age and who comes to Quebec to 1) operate a business that he creates alone or with others and who received a service offer from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center or 2) who creates (25% ownership) or acquires a business (control of at least 50% of the business).
The new rules therefore create two application streams for the entrepreneur category.
This stream is for candidates receiving support from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center, and who wish to open and manage a business in Quebec. It consists in operating a business in Quebec that the candidate created alone or with others, to a maximum of 3 foreign nationals.
The primary condition to apply for this stream is to obtain the threshold score in the selection grid.
The service offer from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center will be evaluated based on the following factors:
- Nature of the business project, the area of activity concerned and the needs related to its implementation;
- Company’s region of operation;
- Proposed support plan;
- Operation plan;
- Expertise of the business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center.
Under this stream, the entrepreneur must control at least 25% of the shares of a new enterprise, or at least 51% of an acquired enterprise which must have a value equivalent or higher than the funds needed to start the business project.
The candidate must also operate the business and actively participate in its daily management.
The entrepreneur must give a start-up deposit of $200,000 if the business is located outside the metropolitan area of Montreal, or $300,000 for a business located within the metropolitan area of Montreal. This deposit is accessed by the Entrepreneur from the financial intermediary to carry out the business project.
A security deposit of $200,000 must also be given with a recognized financial institution and kept as a guarantee until the realization of the business project. The deposit is returned after the minister is satisfied the terms of the project have been fulfilled. The minister can keep the security deposit if the business project terms are not fulfilled as provided by R56.
The entrepreneur must also prove the legal acquisition a qualifying net worth of $900,000 alone or with a spouse/de factor spouse, where applicable.
If the business is acquired, it must have been operating for at least 5 years before the submission of the application and must not have been operated by a former entrepreneur within the meaning of the regulations in the 5 years preceding the submission date. Excluded businesses include those engaged in financing, insurance, real estate development, real estate brokerage, sale or distribution of pornographic or sexually explicit products.
Entrepreneur applicants, along with self-employed candidates and investors, are assessed under a selection grid comprising of several major factors including: education/training, experience, age, language, stay and family in Quebec, financial self-sufficiency, financial resources, and business project.
Under the federal Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, A9(1)(d), Quebec entrepreneurs and their dependants are subject to terms and conditions of landing which are regulated under Quebec law. Entrepreneurs must meet terms of admission for 12 consecutive months, within 3 years of arriving in Canada.
The MIDI will receive a maximum of 60 new entrepreneur applications during the period September 10, 2018 through March 15, 2019. This includes 25 under Stream 1 and 35 under Stream 2. However, candidates who demonstrate an intermediate-advanced knowledge of French language (by presenting French test results of level B2 in speaking and listening) may apply at any time and are not subject to any annual quotas.
A self-employed is primarily differentiated from skilled worker applicants in that to qualify the self-employed person must have two years of applicable experience, possess a personal net worth of $100,000, have sufficient settlement funding and will come to Québec to create their own job by practicing a profession or engaging in commercial activities. Prospective applicants must also meet applicable occupational entry or licensing requirements.
They must also submit a start-up deposit of at least $50,000 if the self-employed candidate is based in the metropolitan area of Montreal, and $25,000 if the candidate is located outside of Montreal. This deposit is accessed by the applicant from the financial intermediary to carry out the business project.
Like skilled workers, the self-employed applicant is assessed under a selection grid, comprised of several factors.
The MIDI will receive a maximum of 50 new self-employed applications during the period September 10, 2018 through March 15, 2019. However, candidates who demonstrate an intermediate-advanced knowledge of French language (by presenting French test results of level B2 in speaking and listening) can apply at any time and are not subject to any quota.
Applicants intending to settle in the province of Quebec are required to file an application for a Quebec Certificate of Selection.
Once an application is approved and a CSQ is issued, the applicant may apply for permanent residence with a federal Canadian visa office. The application is submitted to a centralized processing center and redirected to a visa office following review of completion.
After the applicant has successfully completed the federal statutory verification process comprising of health and security, the final disposition of the application will lead to visa issuance.
Current processing delays vary from 8 to 12 months for investor applications, as MIDI centralized the processing of its business applications in Montreal. This has resulted in reduced processing delays. Processing times for entrepreneur and self-employed can surpass 36 months.
The Quebec Superior Court in virtue of its superintending and reforming powers emanating from the rules of common law and Section 33 of the Quebec Code of Civil Procedure is the court of jurisdiction to contest by way of motion (evocation, mandamus, declaratory relief, etc.), administrative decisions emanating from the MIDI refusing applications for certificates of selection.
Such motions must be instituted within a reasonable delay from the final decision giving rise to the recourse. Given the complexities often surrounding an overseas immigration matter, a delay of up to six months to institute recourse in Quebec Superior Court following a refusal, has been considered permissible.
Applicants may also pursue an optional administrative review process by filing a request for reconsideration within 90 days from refusal. This is an informal process which in most cases upholds the initial refusal. Where the parties seek administrative review, the delay to file a judicial review of an unfavourable decision would be extended.
The MIDI manages its immigration program through the use of policies, guidelines and directives most of which appear in the Guide des procédures de d’immigration (“GPI”). The Quebec Court of Appeal has held that these guidelines are binding on the MIDI.
Colin R. Singer is immigration counsel for www.immigration.ca. He can be reached via Twitter: @immigrationca.
August 30, 2018 – Several immigration programs are available to business, investment and entrepreneur candidates to apply for admission to Canada.
The Federal government and the provinces each offer Canada business immigration programs providing applicants with a pathway to permanent residence. Applicants can also purchase a suitable business and apply for a work permit under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP).
What Are Canada’s Federal Business Programs?
Buy A Business and Move to Canada
Although not a formal business program, Buy a Business and Move to Canada allows wealthy immigrants to move to Canada via Ottawa’s temporary work visa, ‘owner-operator’ policies.
Candidates can buy an established business or start a new business and qualify for a work permit via the TFWP.
After less than one year in Canada, candidates and their families can transition to permanent residence under the Federal Skilled Worker program, or under a provincial nominee program.
Read more on how to Buy a Business and Move to Canada.
Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Pilot Program
The Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Pilot Program (IIVCP) was introduced in 2014 to replace the Canada Immigrant Investor Program, but has failed to take hold. It offers Canadian permanent residence.
Requirements include a personal net worth of $10 million and a $2 million investment to be held for 15 years.
Read more on the Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Pilot Program.
Start-Up Visa Program
The Start-Up Visa Program was established in 2013. It offers permanent residence and work permits to qualified immigrant entrepreneurs.
The program aims to attract suitable entrepreneurs and link them with private sector start-up businesses in Canada. Entrepreneur applicants have minimal control over the choice of businesses available in Canada.
Read more on the Start-Up Visa Program.
What Are Canada’s Provincial Business Programs?
Quebec Immigrant Investor Program
The Quebec Immigrant Investor Program is Canada’s only passive investment immigration program conferring Canadian permanent residence. Applicants are not required to establish or actively to manage a business.
The requirements include a $1.2 million investment and a legally acquired net worth of $2 million.
Read more on the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program.
Quebec Immigrant Entrepreneur Program
A Quebec entrepreneur applicant is a foreign national who comes to Quebec to either operate a business that he creates, alone or with partners, or to acquire a business already established in the province.
The program has been revamped in 2018 and is now operating under two streams under which an entrepreneur can apply for Certificate of Selection of Quebec (CSQ):
This stream is for candidates receiving support from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center, and who wish to open and manage a business in Quebec.
The business can be established by the candidate alone or with partners.
The partners can be Canadians or foreign nationals, in which case they are limited to three.
This stream includes operating a business that the entrepreneur created or purchased.
Under this stream, the entrepreneur must control at least 25% of the shares of the new enterprise, or at least 51% of an acquired enterprise, which must have a value equivalent or higher than the funds needed to start the business project.
The candidate must also operate the business or actively participate in its daily management.
The entrepreneur candidate must invest $200,000 if the business is located outside the metropolitan area of Montreal, or $300,000 for a business located within the metropolitan area of Montreal.
A minimum guarantee deposit of $200,000 must be given to Quebec authorities as an assurance and would be returned upon realization of the business project if compliance related conditions are met.
The candidate must also prove that they have legally acquired a net worth of $900,000 CAD, alone with their spouse if applicable.
The acquired business must have been operating for at least 5 years before the submission of the application and must not have been operated by a former entrepreneur candidate in the 5 years preceding this date.
The business must not operate in the following industries: finance, insurance, real estate development, real estate brokerage, production, sale or distribution of pornographic or sexually explicit products, immigration services.
Read more on the Quebec Immigrant Entrepreneur Program.
Quebec Self-Employed Program
Self-employed applicants are primarily differentiated from skilled worker applicants in that they come to Quebec to create their own job by practicing a profession or engaging in commercial activities.
To qualify under the Quebec Self-Employed Program, the applicant must meet the following conditions:
- have two years of self-employed experience, in the profession or trade they intend to practice in Quebec;
- possess a personal net worth of $100,000 CAD, legally acquired, alone or with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner;
- register a start-up deposit of at least $50,000 if the self-employed candidate is based in the metropolitan area of Montreal, and $25,000 if the candidate is located outside of Montreal.
Applicants must also meet applicable occupational entry or licensing requirements.
Like skilled workers, the self-employed applicant is assessed under various selection factors and must obtain a minimum number of points based on their education, work experience, age, language proficiency, stays and family in Quebec, financial sufficiency, and, if applicable, spouse’s age, education and language ability.
All applicants must demonstrate an intention to live and work in Quebec.
Read more on the Quebec Self-Employed Program.
British Columbia’s Provincial Nominee Program has three streams geared to entrepreneurs.
Depending on where the business is located, net worth requirements range from $400,000 to $800,000 and investment requirements from $200,000 to $500,000.
Read more on the British Columbia Entrepreneur Streams.
The Saskatchewan Entrepreneur stream is a three-stage process, including, Expression of interest, invitation to submit an application, then nomination.
Candidates must invest a minimum $200,000 and have a net worth of $500,000.
Read more on the Saskatchewan Entrepreneur Stream.
The Manitoba Business Investor Stream targets qualified international business investors and entrepreneurs.
Candidates are initially issued a temporary work permit, and must have the intent and ability to start or purchase a business in Manitoba within two years of arrival.
There are pathways for entrepreneurs and for farm investors.
Read more on the Manitoba Business Investor Stream.
Ontario operates the Ontario Corporate Stream and the Ontario Entrepreneur Stream
The Ontario Corporate Stream targets established international corporations that want to expand to Ontario or buy an existing Ontario business.
The Ontario Entrepreneur Stream is aimed at individuals from outside Canada who want to start a business or buy an already existing business in Ontario.
The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program Entrepreneurial Stream is aimed at professionals wishing to invest in a business in the province and move there with their families.
Requirements include a net worth of $600,000 and investment of $250,000.
Read more on the New Brunswick Entrepreneurial Stream.
The Nova Scotia Entrepreneur stream targets candidates with business ownership or senior management experience.
Candidates require a net worth of $600,000 and an investment of $150,000 into a new or existing business.
Read more on the Nova Scotia Entrepreneur stream.
Newfoundland & Labrador operates International Entrepreneur and International Graduate Entrepreneur categories.
International Entrepreneur candidates must transfer $500,000 to the province, while there is no investment requirement for International Graduate Entrepreneurs.
Read more about the Newfoundland business programs.
The Northwest Territories’ Entrepreneur Program requires applicants to demonstrate a minimum personal net worth of $250,000, have relevant managerial experience, and make an active investment of at least $150,000 into a local business.
Read more about the Northwest Territories’ Entrepreneur Program.
Yukon’s Business Nominee program first nominates successful applicants for a two-year work permit, during which time they must establish a business.
Requirements include a net worth of $250,00 and investment of $150,000.
Read more about the Yukon Business Nominee program.
If you wish to know more about the Canada business immigration requirements, immigration.ca can help.
Complete our Free Assessment to determine whether you qualify for immigration to Canada as a business candidate.
Quebec vs San Cristóbal y Nieves: comparando los programas de inmigración por inversión más antiguos del mundo
3 de julio del 2018 – El Programa Inversor Inmigrante de Quebec y el Programa Inversor Inmigrante de San Cristóbal y Nieves son dos de las corrientes de inmigración de inversión más antiguas en la residencia global a través de la industria de inversiones.
Comparar un programa de residencia con un programa de ciudadanía puede parecer de valor limitado.
Pero dada la historia de los dos programas y las grandes diferencias entre ellos, una comparación es útil.
Estos son dos programas que se sitúan a cada extremo del espectro de inversión de inmigración.
Uno ofrece residencia permanente en Canadá, uno de los países de residencia más codiciados del mundo, a cambio de una inversión de 1,2 millones de dólares.
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Quebec Investor Immigration Offers Advantages Over U.S. EB-5 in Residence-By-Investment Programs
El otro ofrece la ciudadanía de una nación insular del Caribe por una inversión mínima de 250 000 USD (333 300 CAD).
El programa Inversor de Quebec es un ejemplo de cómo las naciones desarrolladas económicamente pueden usar la demanda de residencia como atracción para los programas. Se acepta un número limitado de solicitantes en cada uno.
El programa de San Cristóbal y Nieves compite con muchos otros en el Caribe, lo que obliga a reducir el límite de inversión y ejerce presión sobre la debida diligencia. Los solicitantes pueden obtener la ciudadanía en 90 días y no están obligados a visitar la isla.
Dadas las diferencias, los programas atraen a candidatos de perfiles diferentes.
Quebec dedica el 70 % de su cuota anual a candidatos chinos de alto poder adquisitivo que buscan invertir en bienes raíces internacionales y asegurar un mejor futuro para sus hijos.
San Cristóbal atrae a los candidatos que buscan una segunda ciudadanía que les ofrece acceso sin visado a un gran número de países, incluida la Unión Europea. La debida diligencia es importante, ya que el programa puede atraer el interés de elementos criminales.
Cómo se compara el QIIP al Programa de Inmigrante Inversor de San Cristóbal y Nieves
|QIIP||Programa Inversor Inmigrante San Cristóbal y Nieves|
|Límite de inversión||1,2 millones $|
|Fundación para la diversificación de la industria del azúcar|
· Solicitante único: 250 000 USD
· Solicitante más 3 miembros de la familia: 300 000 USD
· Cada miembro adicional de la familia: 25 000 USD
Bienes raíces: 400,000 USD
|Patrimonio neto requerido||2 millones $||Ninguno|
|Obligaciones fiscales||Los residentes permanentes canadienses tienen las mismas obligaciones que los ciudadanos canadienses||Ningún impuesto sobre las ganancias o el patrimonio|
|Tipo de inversión||Inversión pasiva por 5 años sin interés||Fundación para la diversificación de la industria del azúcar o bienes raíces|
|Calificación para la residencia||Residencia permanente inmediata||Ciudadanía inmediata|
|Tiempo de procesamiento||Los inversores de origen asiático que representan la mayoría de los candidatos esperan entre 3 y 4 años||90 días|
|Requisito de presencia física||Para mantener la residencia permanente, se debe vivir en Canadá durante al menos dos años en un período de cinco años. Para calificar para la ciudadanía, se debe estar presente 3 de los últimos 5 años, además de reunir los otros requisitos.||Ninguno|
|¿Se exige experiencia en negocios?||Es preferible tener dos años de experiencia en dirección o experiencia comercial en los últimos cinco años.||No|
|Periodo de solicitud||El QIIP establece los períodos de solicitud administrados, con un límite establecido recientemente de 1 900 solicitudes, incluido un máximo de 1 330 de China, Hong Kong y Macao. Con las familias, el programa acoge a 5 000 nuevos residentes permanentes cada año. Se espera que el próximo período de solicitud se abra en el tercer trimestre del 2018.||Siempre abierto|
|Sí, hay esquemas formales de financiamiento disponibles.||No|
|Controversias||La principal controversia en torno al QIIP es que los inversores lo usan como puerta trasera para entrar a Canadá (Vancouver y Toronto). Ningún intento de hacer que los inversores declaren su intención de residir en Quebec, una vez que tengan el estado de residencia permanente, pueden mudarse a cualquier lugar en Canadá. El programa ha sido acusado de inflar los precios de las viviendas en Vancouver y Toronto.||El acceso sin visado a Canadá fue alguna vez un beneficio clave del programa de ciudadanía por inversión de San Cristóbal y Nieves. Pero la preocupación sobre cómo el programa estaba investigando a sus candidatos hizo que Ottawa retirara el acceso en noviembre del 2014. Desde entonces, el gobierno ha encabezado una revisión general del programa, incluida la asignación de una agencia externa para completar la selección de candidatos. Sin embargo, Canadá aún no está lo suficientemente satisfecho como para eliminar el requisito de visa.|
|Clima político||El clima político de Canadá es estable y recibe bien a los nuevos inmigrantes.||El gobierno del primer ministro Tim Harris enfrenta regularmente críticas de la oposición por la forma en que opera el programa de ciudadanía por inversión. Sin embargo, esto es esencialmente una postura política ya que el programa es un elemento permanente en San Cristóbal y Nieves.|
|Estabilidad del programa||El QIIP acaba de aumentar sus límites de inversión y de patrimonio neto por primera vez desde cerca de 10 años. El programa constituye una parte bien establecida del cuadro de inmigración canadiense.||El programa de ciudadanía de San Cristóbal y Nieves es el más antiguo del mundo, creado en 1984. Se ha enfrentado a críticas dentro y fuera del país a lo largo de sus 34 años de existencia, pero no hay forma de que se disuelva en el corto plazo. Una revisión realizada en el 2014 mejoró la diligencia debida del programa y su reputación. En el 2017, se anunciaron planes para agregar una opción de residencia.|
Empleadores interesados: Para más información, puede ponerse en contacto con nosotros a través de este link.
Candidatos interesados: Descubra si usted califica para unos de los programas de inmigración canadiense completando nuestra evaluación gratis en línea. Le entregaremos los resultados de su evaluación en 1 o 2 días laborables.
Lea más sobre la emigración a Canadá aquí.
El Programa Inversor Inmigrante de Quebec vs Inversor de Nivel 1 en el Reino Unido: Invertir para residir en un país de primer nivel
30 de mayo de 2018 – El programa Inversor Británico de Nivel 1 y el Inversor Inmigrante de Quebec (QIIP, por sus siglas en inglés) están en competencia directa, dado el estado de desarrollo económico del Reino Unido y Canadá. Ambos programas representan rutas de inmigración por inversión a la residencia permanente en dos de los países más codiciados del mundo.
Un aumento reciente en el límite de inversión del QIIP significa que los requisitos de inversión para ambos son similares, aunque el programa del Reino Unido también incluye una mayor inversión para un período de espera más corto para la residencia permanente.
La residencia permanente inmediata y la naturaleza establecida y estable del programa proporcionan una ligera ventaja al QIIP, aunque ambos siguen siendo oportunidades de inversión viables para los candidatos que poseen un alto patrimonio neto.
A continuación, comparamos los dos programas.
Comparación: QIIP vs Inversor Británico de Nivel 1
|QIIP||Inversor Británico de Nivel 1|
|Límite de inversión||1,2 millones de CAD|
|De 2 a 10 millones de libras esterlinas (1,2 a 5,8 millones de dólares). Una inversión mayor traería consigo la obtención más rápida de la residencia permanente.|
|Patrimonio neto requerido||2 millones $||Los candidatos deben demostrar que poseen al menos 2 millones de libras esterlinas bajo su control en una institución financiera.|
|Tipo de inversión||Inversión pasiva por 5 años sin interés||Bonos del gobierno, capital compartido o capital en préstamo en empresas comerciales activas registradas en el Reino Unido.|
|Calificación para la residencia||Residencia permanente inmediata||Residencia temporal inicial, convertida en permanente en 64 meses para una inversión de 2 millones de libras esterlinas, 36 meses por 5 millones de libras esterlinas y 24 meses por 10 millones de libras esterlinas.|
|Requisito de presencia física||Para mantener la residencia permanente, se debe vivir en Canadá durante al menos dos años en un período de cinco años. Para calificar para la ciudadanía, se debe estar presente 3 de los últimos 5 años, además de reunir los otros requisitos.||Los solicitantes principales y sus cónyuges no deben pasar más de |
180 días por año fuera del Reino Unido.
|¿Se exige experiencia en negocios?||Es preferible tener dos años de experiencia en dirección o experiencia comercial en los últimos cinco años.||No.|
|Periodo de solicitud||El QIIP establece los períodos de solicitud administrados, con un límite establecido recientemente de 1 900 solicitudes, incluido un máximo de 1 330 de China, Hong Kong y Macao. Con las familias, el programa acoge a 5 000 nuevos residentes permanentes cada año. Se espera que el próximo período de solicitud se abra en el tercer trimestre del 2018.||Permanece abierto a nuevas solicitudes.|
|¿Hay financiamiento |
|Sí, hay esquemas formales de financiamiento disponibles.||No.|
|Controversias||La principal controversia en torno al QIIP es que los inversores lo usan como puerta trasera para entrar a Canadá (Vancouver y Toronto). Ningún intento de hacer que los inversores declaren su intención de residir en Quebec, una vez que tengan el estado de residencia permanente, pueden mudarse a cualquier lugar en Canadá. El programa ha sido acusado de inflar los precios de las viviendas en Vancouver y Toronto.||El programa ha sido objeto de controversia recientemente por supuestas alegaciones de no actuar con la debida diligencia, principalmente con respecto a los solicitantes rusos. Esto podría provocar una represión a raíz de un reciente escándalo de envenenamiento de un espía.|
|Clima político||El clima político de Canadá es estable y recibe bien a los nuevos inmigrantes.||El Brexit es el factor clave desconocido en el funcionamiento de la visa de Inversor de Nivel 1 del Reino Unido. ¿Tendrán los candidatos acceso a la Unión Europea?|
|Estabilidad del programa||El QIIP acaba de aumentar sus límites de inversión y de patrimonio neto por primera vez desde cerca de 10 años. El programa constituye una parte bien establecida del cuadro de inmigración canadiense.||La visa de Inversor de Nivel 1 del Reino Unido es exclusiva debido a sus altos requisitos de inversión, con los dos límites superiores introducidos en el 2011. Atrae la misma crítica de “ciudadanía en venta” que todos los programas de inversión, pero nada indica que se disolverá El escándalo ruso mencionado anteriormente debería llevar a una debida diligencia más estricta.|
En cuanto a la estabilidad, la naturaleza garantizada y pasiva de la inversión y la opción de financiamiento establecida, el QIIP se encuentra entre las mejores opciones de inversión disponibles. El acceso a la residencia permanente canadiense por alrededor de 325 000 $, con la opción de financiamiento, le da al programa una ventaja crucial sobre algunos de sus rivales. No existen amenazas directas para el futuro del programa y, si bien Ontario y Columbia Británica quisieran recibir algunos de los beneficios repartidos por todo Canadá, los beneficios económicos de QIIP son claros. El periodo de procesamiento para la emisión de visas es de 3 a 4 años para los inversores asiáticos.
El programa Inversor Británico de Nivel 1 sufre de la incertidumbre de si los residentes permanentes británicos tendrán acceso a la Unión Europea después del “Brexit”. Sin embargo, el país sigue siendo un destino popular en sí mismo. Se piensa que la reciente controversia en torno al nivel de debida diligencia que se aplica a los candidatos rusos resulte en una restricción del número de visas otorgadas.
Ambos programas han garantizado efectivamente la inversión, con la residencia permanente inmediata del programa de inversores de Quebec y la historia establecida del programa dándole ventaja sobre el programa británico.
Empleadores interesados: Para más información, puede ponerse en contacto con nosotros a través de este link.
Candidatos interesados: Descubra si usted califica para unos de los programas de inmigración canadiense completando nuestra evaluación gratis en línea. Le entregaremos los resultados de su evaluación en 1 o 2 días laborables.
Lea más sobre la emigración a Canadá aquí.
Which course should you complete to prove your oral French knowledge?
One of the most popular options to prove knowledge of French for the Quebec Experience Program is to provide a final transcript attesting to the successful completion of an advanced intermediate level French course taken in Québec, in a recognized educational institution.
It is very important to select a course that is accepted by the authorities before registering. Submission of a Quebec Experience Program application with an invalid French course can lead to a refused application.
Several course options are offered, divided by educational level, from high school to university level. The selection of the appropriate educational level depends on the type of eligible diploma you are pursuing for the Quebec Experience Program. For example, if you are pursuing a bachelor degree, you will select a university level language course.
|High School Level|
|Study Program||French Class Code||French Class Title|
|French, second language|
** Successful completion of both French Second Language Class 1 and 3 is mandatory to be recognized as proof of advanced intermediate French.
|Study Programs||Codes and Titles of Courses|
|French Level Class for non-francophone students|
|French as a Second Language Class – Common General Program|
|Institution/Study Program||Code and Title of Courses|
|HEC Montreal – Business French Class (Français des affaires)|
|École Polytechnique de Montréal|
|University of Montreal|
|University of Sherbrooke|
|Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC)|
|Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)|
|Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR)|
École internationale de français
|Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT)|
Centre de langues
** Courses in bold are the minimal courses accepted by the authorities as proof of advanced intermediate French knowledge. Other courses listed are more advanced level courses which are also accepted by the authorities.
How to prove your knowledge of oral French?
On this page you will find the list of the French tests or diplomas that the Quebec government will accept to prove your knowledge of French.
In order to be eligible to apply for permanent residence to Canada under the Quebec Experience Program, you must be able to show advanced intermediate knowledge of oral French.
The results must date from less than two years from the date of submission of the application.
These are the recognized tests and diplomas:
- the Test d’évaluation du français adapté pour le Québec (TEFAQ) of the Chambre de commerce et d’industrie de Paris Île-de-France (CCIP);
- the Test de connaissance du français pour le Québec (TCF-Québec) of the Centre international d’études pédagogiques (CIEP);
- the Test d’évaluation du français (TEF) of the CCIP-IDF;
- the Test d’évaluation du français pour le Canada (TEF Canada) de la CCIP-IDF;
- the Test de connaissance du français (TCF) of the CIEP;
- the Diplôme d’études en langue française (DELF)* of the CIEP;
- the Diplôme approfondi de langue française (DALF)* of the CIEP.
For the evaluation of French knowledge, advanced intermediate results (level B2) of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages are needed in oral comprehension and oral production in order to qualify for the Quebec Experience Program.
The CEFR Levels
The table below describes the language proficiency skills based on your abilities to read, write, speak and listen and can help you identify your current language level.
|ADVANCED||C2||Can understand with ease everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.|
|C1||Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.|
|INTERMEDIATE||B2||Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.|
|B1||Can understand the main points of input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.|
|A2||Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to simple areas (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.|
|A1||Can understand and use familiar expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of basic concrete needs. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.|
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Nov 10, 2017 – The Quebec government has exclusive jurisdiction to manage its own comprehensive immigration programs, under a series of agreements dating back to 1981. It has the largest allocations of immigrants to Canada, among the 10 provinces and 3 territories accounting for approximately 17 per cent of Canada’s planned overall annual immigration levels for 2018.
Economic Immigration Numbers
Quebec plans to welcome up to 31,300 economic immigrants in 2018, split between Skilled Worker, Business and Other Economic categories.
This maximum intake figure is 1,000 more than the expected maximum for 2017 and effectively the same as the 2016 total of 31,600 new immigrants.
The 2018 breakdown figures for Skilled Workers (24,200 to 26,300), Business (4,000 to 4,300) and Other Economic immigrants (500 to 700) are all within a similar range as seen in the previous two years.
Family Reunification Numbers
In the Family Reunification category, the maximum intake of 12,100 is slightly lower than the projected 2017 maximum intake of 12,800, but significantly higher than both 2016 (11,124) and 2015 (10,490).
Refugee numbers are expected to drop slightly when compared to the previous years. In 2018, Quebec plans to welcome a maximum 8,800 in the Refugee categories, compared to a projected 9,500 maximum for 2017 and 9,274 in 2016.
Quebec Immigration Admission Targets 2018
|Refugees and people in similar situations||8,100||8,800|
* Includes caregivers and other economic class immigrants
** Includes various special categories of immigrants admitted on humanitarian or public interest grounds
The Greece Immigration Golden Visa Program is seeing a spike in interest from Turkish investors, as it continues to raise key funds for the struggling European country’s economy.
Real estate experts say more than 160 Turks have invested the required €250,000 in Greek property and obtained a five-year residency permit.
It makes Turkish investors the sharpest rising nationality of investor in the Greek golden visa program, which has attracted a crucial influx of investment for a country still struggling to emerge from a disastrous economic downturn.
Benefits of Greece Golden Visa
- Greek residency for property purchase of just €250,000.
- Live and work in Greece when maintaining residence in another country.
- Study in Greece.
- Visa-free access to the Schengen area of EU countries
- Family members are included.
- Visa can be renewed every five years.
Figures show residency permits have been issued to 2,000 candidates since the program started in 2013. In that time, more than €1 billion has been spent on Greek property by foreign investors.
In the case of Turkish investors, the sums often significantly exceed the €250,000 threshold required for residency. Political instability in Turkey could be a key driver behind citizens looking elsewhere for residency and second citizenships.
Like many of the world’s investment immigration programs, Chinese investors dominate the Greek golden visa, with 850 candidates approved for a visa. Russians are the second most prolific investors, with 388 visas issued.
Greece Golden Visa: Investment Requirements
- Purchase real estate property in Greece with a minimum value of €250,000.
- Sign a 10-year lease with minimum €250,000 for hotel or other tourist residence.
- Have purchased a property before 2013 currently worth €250,000 or more.
- Own Greece real estate of minimum value €250,000 acquired through donation or parental concession.
- Purchase land with intent to build, provided value of land and construction contract is minimum €250,000.
A key driver is the attractive property market following the 2008 downturn.
Prices in the capital Athens are half what they were before the 2008 economic crisis, when Greece accepted billions in bailout money from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund.
The success of the golden visa program has caused prices to recover somewhat, although they remain significantly below their 2008 peak.
Greece Golden Visa: Inclusion of Family Members
- Children up to the age of 21
The Greece Immigration Golden Visa Investor Program allows you to apply for a residence permit by purchasing or leasing Greek real estate. You can obtain a five-year residency permit in return for an investment of €250,000.
The program also allows investors who purchased property before its 2013 start date to apply for residency. The residency is renewable every five years provided the investment is maintained.
July 14, 2017 – The Quebec Superior Court granted a permanent injunction and awarded damages in a first-time defamation based ruling in the province, against anonymous “John Doe” online posters. In its ruling, the court held that five individual online internet postings created by fictitious users were unlawful and defamed the reputation of lawyer Colin Singer, an immigration lawyer in Canada and Managing Partner of www.immigration.ca.
In some instances, the internet posters chose pseudonyms of Singer’s name to post fabricated, defamatory statements about his immigration practice. The court accepted submissions that the postings in question could not be admitted as legitimate criticisms or expressions of opinions made in good faith, and were beyond the limits of freedom of speech. The court also accepted the submission that the posts’ sole objective was to intentionally harm Singer’s reputation as well as his online personae, immigration.ca, and therefore did not consist of a case where the poster’s right to anonymous comment was worthy of protection. The court endorsed the established principle that a lawyer’s reputation is of paramount importance.
The court heard that since 1994, Mr. Singer conducts his law practice through immigration.ca, an established contributor of online written content on immigration matters in Canada, reaching a worldwide clientele.
The practice of issuing a permanent injunction against anonymous or “John Doe” defendants is controversial in many jurisdictions. A defendant whose name is unknown may be sued, under a fictitious name, in certain circumstances, with special permission of the court. The judgment condemned each defendant to pay $2,500 in damages.
“We are aware some competitors in the Canadian immigration industry are prepared to engage in unlawful activities to try and harm our success”, said Singer. “I am pleased that my reputation has been vindicated through this strong ruling” he said.
Click here, to read the full judgment.
May 11, 2017 – Canada currently runs a lottery system for citizens and permanent residents who want to apply for parents and grandparents sponsorship for Canadian immigration.
Sponsors are invited to complete a basic questionnaire to enter the lottery, from which names are drawn to complete a full application.
The questionnaire is open for completion for a month, usually from early January to early February each calendar year.
The sponsorship system was introduced in 2017, replacing the old first-come, first-served system.
Sponsor Requirements for Parent and Grandparent Program
- You must be 18 years of age or older.
- Demonstrate, for a period of 3 consecutive years prior to sponsorship, income greater than the minimum published by IRCC.
- Sign an undertaking to financially support the parent or grandparent, and reimburse the government for any social assistance paid out to the relative, for a period of 20 years from the date of permanent residence.
Rules For Establishing Whether Sponsor Meets Income Requirements
- Only official documents issued by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) will be accepted to demonstrate income for the three years prior to submission;
- If a co-signer is included in the sponsorship application, the combined income of the co-signer and the sponsor will be considered;
- Any amounts from the following sources will be deducted from the sponsor and co-signer’s income for the purposes of financial eligibility:
- Provincial allowances received for a program of instruction or training;
- Social assistance received from a province;
- Financial assistance received from the Government of Canada under a resettlement program;
- Amounts received under the Employment Insurance Act, other than special benefits;
- Monthly guaranteed income supplement received under the Old Age Security Act;
- Canada child tax benefit received under the Income Tax Act.
Interested employers: Kindly contact us here to receive further information.
Interested candidates: Find out whether you qualify to Canada by completing our free on-line evaluation. We will provide you with our evaluation within 1-2 business days.
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