The following essay appeared in Canada’s Immigration & Citizenship Bulletin, 29 Imm. & Cit., No.4 2018, and was written by Colin Singer, Magali Desjardins and Maria Parau at www.immigration.ca.
October 3, 2018 – Since the coming into effect of the Cullen Couture Agreement in 1978, as amended by subsequent accords between the Governments of Canada and Quebec (Canada-Quebec Accord Relating to Immigration and Temporary Admission of Aliens, 1991; An act respecting immigration to Québec, R.S.Q., c. I-0.2), the Quebec government has extensive powers in immigration, to administer the admission of foreign nationals to its province.
On April 6, 2016, Quebec government tabled new legislation “Quebec Immigration Act”. On July 18, 2018, it tabled new regulations “Quebec Immigration Regulation” providing for a significant overhaul of its immigration programs, which are both now in force.
The highlights of the new immigration programs include:
- Introduction of a federal style Expression of Interest immigration system “Arrima” for skilled worker applicants, replacing the former first-come, first-served process.
- New Skilled Worker selection grid, awarding points for a job offer across multiple regions of Quebec.
- Expansion of the Quebec Experience Program permitting workers or their spouse / de facto spouse to hold any skill level employment in Quebec.
- Introduction of a new Entrepreneur stream for entrepreneurs receiving support from a business accelerator, incubator or university entrepreneurship centre.
- Increase of Quebec Investor net worth and investment requirements.
- Introduction of start-up and security deposits for entrepreneur and self-employed worker programs.
The majority of foreign nationals are selected each year under the Economic Class. This comprises the following five programs:
- Skilled workers: A foreign national who settles in Quebec to hold employment the foreign national is likely able to hold. This determination is made primarily on the basis of the candidate’s education and experience as well as other selection factors.
- Quebec Experience Program: A foreign national having worked in Quebec for a period of 12 months within the 24 months preceding the date of the application, or having obtained, within the three years preceding the application, an eligible diploma from a Quebec educational institution after completing at least half the duration of their program of studies in Quebec, and who can demonstrate an intermediate-advanced French language proficiency through means of standardized testing. The Quebec experience program is a sub-category of the skilled worker category.
- Entrepreneur Program: A foreign national who comes to Quebec to 1) operate a business that he creates alone or with others and who received a service offer from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center or 2) who creates (25% ownership) or acquires a business (control of at least 51% of the business).
- Investor Program: A foreign national with suitable management experience of two years in the five years preceding the application, who alone or with his accompanying spouse or de facto spouse has net assets of at least $2,000,000 obtained legally, excluding amounts recently gifted, who undertakes to invest $1,200,000 for five years, in a prescribed investment.
- Self-employed Worker Program: A foreign national who will come to Quebec to create employment for the applicant by practicing a profession defined in the National Occupational Classification.
The selection process is points based. The Quebec Department of Immigration (Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion “MIDI”), typically legislates by Ministerial Order, the number of points that can be allocated to each of the selection factors; the authority to create, eliminate and/or modify a mandatory minimum number of points which applicants can be required to obtain for each of the selection factors within each class of immigrants; and the authority to retrospectively enact regulatory amendments which could apply to applications submitted prior to an amendment and which have not proceeded to a specified point in the assessment process.
Under the current annual immigration plan, Quebec has legislative authority to admit near 50,000 immigrants, including approximately 30,000 economic class immigrants to its province, far more than any of the other provinces in Canada. The new Premier designate Francois Legault, of the Coalition Avenir du Quebec has proposed a reduction of annual levels by 10,000, beginning in 2019.
Each year the MIDI submits its annual report to the Quebec National Assembly outlining the number of immigrants to be admitted to the province in the following year. Where immigration levels are reached in a given year, across all levels or within sub classes of the immigration plan, the Minister may suspend the processing of existing inventory until the subsequent year.
As in the case of skilled workers, entrepreneurs, investors and self-employed applicants are required to successfully complete a mandatory pre-screening evaluation.
An investor is defined as a foreign national with at least two years in the five years preceding the application, of management experience (duties related to the planning, management and control of financial resources and of human or material resources under the investor’s authority, provided that such responsibilities and duties are not assumed in the context of an apprenticeship, training, or specialization process attested to by a diploma) in a legal farming, commercial or industrial business, or a suitable legal professional business (whose personnel include at least two full time employees excluding the owner and his spouse), or a government department.
The investor, alone or with his accompanying spouse or de facto spouse, must have net assets of at least $2,000,000 obtained legally, excluding amounts received by gift within the period of six months prior to the submission of an application. The investor must undertake to invest $1,200,000 for five years, in a prescribed investment.
Suitable management experience can derive from a commercial, industrial, professional enterprise or a government agency.
Previous policy changes have given investor’s management experience a more liberal application to allow professionals such as doctors, dentists, pharmacists, accountants, lawyers and engineers who operate their own professional practices, which employ at least two full-time personnel, to qualify as an investor.
Under the Quebec program, immigrant investment proceeds are allocated to Quebec and guaranteed by way of a promissory note issued by Investissement Québec, a Quebec government owned corporation. The five-year investment period begins immediately following Quebec approval which often takes place long before the investor comes to Canada. If the investor is refused by the federal authorities for a medical or security inadmissibility, the investment less applicable financing charges is refunded.
The MIDI will receive a maximum of 1900 new investor applications during the period September 10, 2018 through March 15, 2019. From the 1900 available places, 1235 are reserved for applicants from China, Hong Kong and Macao. The remaining 665 applications are open for everyone else meeting the criteria. However, candidates who demonstrate an intermediate-advanced knowledge of French language (by presenting French test results of level B2 in speaking and listening) may apply at any time and are not subject to any annual quotas.
Under the Quebec Immigration Regulation an entrepreneur is a foreign national who is of at least 18 years of age and who comes to Quebec to 1) operate a business that he creates alone or with others and who received a service offer from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center or 2) who creates (25% ownership) or acquires a business (control of at least 50% of the business).
The new rules therefore create two application streams for the entrepreneur category.
This stream is for candidates receiving support from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center, and who wish to open and manage a business in Quebec. It consists in operating a business in Quebec that the candidate created alone or with others, to a maximum of 3 foreign nationals.
The primary condition to apply for this stream is to obtain the threshold score in the selection grid.
The service offer from a business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center will be evaluated based on the following factors:
- Nature of the business project, the area of activity concerned and the needs related to its implementation;
- Company’s region of operation;
- Proposed support plan;
- Operation plan;
- Expertise of the business accelerator, a business incubator or a university entrepreneurship center.
Under this stream, the entrepreneur must control at least 25% of the shares of a new enterprise, or at least 51% of an acquired enterprise which must have a value equivalent or higher than the funds needed to start the business project.
The candidate must also operate the business and actively participate in its daily management.
The entrepreneur must give a start-up deposit of $200,000 if the business is located outside the metropolitan area of Montreal, or $300,000 for a business located within the metropolitan area of Montreal. This deposit is accessed by the Entrepreneur from the financial intermediary to carry out the business project.
A security deposit of $200,000 must also be given with a recognized financial institution and kept as a guarantee until the realization of the business project. The deposit is returned after the minister is satisfied the terms of the project have been fulfilled. The minister can keep the security deposit if the business project terms are not fulfilled as provided by R56.
The entrepreneur must also prove the legal acquisition a qualifying net worth of $900,000 alone or with a spouse/de factor spouse, where applicable.
If the business is acquired, it must have been operating for at least 5 years before the submission of the application and must not have been operated by a former entrepreneur within the meaning of the regulations in the 5 years preceding the submission date. Excluded businesses include those engaged in financing, insurance, real estate development, real estate brokerage, sale or distribution of pornographic or sexually explicit products.
Entrepreneur applicants, along with self-employed candidates and investors, are assessed under a selection grid comprising of several major factors including: education/training, experience, age, language, stay and family in Quebec, financial self-sufficiency, financial resources, and business project.
Under the federal Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, A9(1)(d), Quebec entrepreneurs and their dependants are subject to terms and conditions of landing which are regulated under Quebec law. Entrepreneurs must meet terms of admission for 12 consecutive months, within 3 years of arriving in Canada.
The MIDI will receive a maximum of 60 new entrepreneur applications during the period September 10, 2018 through March 15, 2019. This includes 25 under Stream 1 and 35 under Stream 2. However, candidates who demonstrate an intermediate-advanced knowledge of French language (by presenting French test results of level B2 in speaking and listening) may apply at any time and are not subject to any annual quotas.
A self-employed is primarily differentiated from skilled worker applicants in that to qualify the self-employed person must have two years of applicable experience, possess a personal net worth of $100,000, have sufficient settlement funding and will come to Québec to create their own job by practicing a profession or engaging in commercial activities. Prospective applicants must also meet applicable occupational entry or licensing requirements.
They must also submit a start-up deposit of at least $50,000 if the self-employed candidate is based in the metropolitan area of Montreal, and $25,000 if the candidate is located outside of Montreal. This deposit is accessed by the applicant from the financial intermediary to carry out the business project.
Like skilled workers, the self-employed applicant is assessed under a selection grid, comprised of several factors.
The MIDI will receive a maximum of 50 new self-employed applications during the period September 10, 2018 through March 15, 2019. However, candidates who demonstrate an intermediate-advanced knowledge of French language (by presenting French test results of level B2 in speaking and listening) can apply at any time and are not subject to any quota.
Applicants intending to settle in the province of Quebec are required to file an application for a Quebec Certificate of Selection.
Once an application is approved and a CSQ is issued, the applicant may apply for permanent residence with a federal Canadian visa office. The application is submitted to a centralized processing center and redirected to a visa office following review of completion.
After the applicant has successfully completed the federal statutory verification process comprising of health and security, the final disposition of the application will lead to visa issuance.
Current processing delays vary from 8 to 12 months for investor applications, as MIDI centralized the processing of its business applications in Montreal. This has resulted in reduced processing delays. Processing times for entrepreneur and self-employed can surpass 36 months.
The Quebec Superior Court in virtue of its superintending and reforming powers emanating from the rules of common law and Section 33 of the Quebec Code of Civil Procedure is the court of jurisdiction to contest by way of motion (evocation, mandamus, declaratory relief, etc.), administrative decisions emanating from the MIDI refusing applications for certificates of selection.
Such motions must be instituted within a reasonable delay from the final decision giving rise to the recourse. Given the complexities often surrounding an overseas immigration matter, a delay of up to six months to institute recourse in Quebec Superior Court following a refusal, has been considered permissible.
Applicants may also pursue an optional administrative review process by filing a request for reconsideration within 90 days from refusal. This is an informal process which in most cases upholds the initial refusal. Where the parties seek administrative review, the delay to file a judicial review of an unfavourable decision would be extended.
The MIDI manages its immigration program through the use of policies, guidelines and directives most of which appear in the Guide des procédures de d’immigration (“GPI”). The Quebec Court of Appeal has held that these guidelines are binding on the MIDI.
Colin R. Singer is immigration counsel for www.immigration.ca. He can be reached via Twitter: @immigrationca.
Nov 10, 2017 – The Quebec government has exclusive jurisdiction to manage its own comprehensive immigration programs, under a series of agreements dating back to 1981. It has the largest allocations of immigrants to Canada, among the 10 provinces and 3 territories accounting for approximately 17 per cent of Canada’s planned overall annual immigration levels for 2018.
Economic Immigration Numbers
Quebec plans to welcome up to 31,300 economic immigrants in 2018, split between Skilled Worker, Business and Other Economic categories.
This maximum intake figure is 1,000 more than the expected maximum for 2017 and effectively the same as the 2016 total of 31,600 new immigrants.
The 2018 breakdown figures for Skilled Workers (24,200 to 26,300), Business (4,000 to 4,300) and Other Economic immigrants (500 to 700) are all within a similar range as seen in the previous two years.
Family Reunification Numbers
In the Family Reunification category, the maximum intake of 12,100 is slightly lower than the projected 2017 maximum intake of 12,800, but significantly higher than both 2016 (11,124) and 2015 (10,490).
Refugee numbers are expected to drop slightly when compared to the previous years. In 2018, Quebec plans to welcome a maximum 8,800 in the Refugee categories, compared to a projected 9,500 maximum for 2017 and 9,274 in 2016.
Quebec Immigration Admission Targets 2018
|Refugees and people in similar situations||8,100||8,800|
* Includes caregivers and other economic class immigrants
** Includes various special categories of immigrants admitted on humanitarian or public interest grounds
May 11, 2017 – Canada currently runs a lottery system for citizens and permanent residents who want to apply for parents and grandparents sponsorship for Canadian immigration.
Sponsors are invited to complete a basic questionnaire to enter the lottery, from which names are drawn to complete a full application.
The questionnaire is open for completion for a month, usually from early January to early February each calendar year.
The sponsorship system was introduced in 2017, replacing the old first-come, first-served system.
Sponsor Requirements for Parent and Grandparent Program
- You must be 18 years of age or older.
- Demonstrate, for a period of 3 consecutive years prior to sponsorship, income greater than the minimum published by IRCC.
- Sign an undertaking to financially support the parent or grandparent, and reimburse the government for any social assistance paid out to the relative, for a period of 20 years from the date of permanent residence.
Rules For Establishing Whether Sponsor Meets Income Requirements
- Only official documents issued by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) will be accepted to demonstrate income for the three years prior to submission;
- If a co-signer is included in the sponsorship application, the combined income of the co-signer and the sponsor will be considered;
- Any amounts from the following sources will be deducted from the sponsor and co-signer’s income for the purposes of financial eligibility:
- Provincial allowances received for a program of instruction or training;
- Social assistance received from a province;
- Financial assistance received from the Government of Canada under a resettlement program;
- Amounts received under the Employment Insurance Act, other than special benefits;
- Monthly guaranteed income supplement received under the Old Age Security Act;
- Canada child tax benefit received under the Income Tax Act.
Interested employers: Kindly contact us here to receive further information.
Interested candidates: Find out whether you qualify to Canada by completing our free on-line evaluation. We will provide you with our evaluation within 1-2 business days.
Read more news about Canada Immigration by clicking here.
Le Programme des candidats des provinces du Manitoba publie périodiquement des invitations à présenter une demande pour la nomination provinciale. Le tableau ci-dessous présente les invitations émises en vertu des volets du PCPMB en 2017.
|29 décembre 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||133||545|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||45||711|
|13 décembre 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||209||375|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||45||675|
|23 novembre 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||250||567|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||22||664|
|31 octobre 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||351||577|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||44||730|
|26 septembre 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||300||602|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||49||721|
|15 aout 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||401||585|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||42||719|
|11 juillet 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||458||612|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||36||712|
|17 juin 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||180||705|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||24||689|
|30 mai 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||258||735|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||143||706|
|30 mars 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||201||657|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||24||698|
|16 mars 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||250||684|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||63||703|
|27 février 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||200||719|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||124||575|
|27 janvier 2017||Travailleurs qualifiés du Manitoba||150||734|
|Travailleurs qualifiés étrangers||39||707|
Programme des candidats des provinces du Manitoba – tirages 2017 du volet Affaires
Manitoba gère également un programme d’immigration d’affaires. Voici une liste des tirages 2017:
*Total pour les mois de mai et juin ensemble
Employeurs intéressés: veuillez nous contacter pour recevoir de plus amples informations.
Candidats intéressés: découvrez si vous êtes admissible au Canada en remplissant notre évaluation gratuite en ligne. Nous vous fournirons notre évaluation dans les 1 à 2 jours ouvrables.
Lisez plus de nouvelles sur l’immigration au Canada en cliquant ici.
La Saskatchewan offre un programme d’immigration qui permet un nombre limité de demandes sans offre d’emploi
**Ce programme est maintenant fermé, puisque le quota pour 2015 a été atteint.**
Catégorie des professions en demande des travailleurs qualifiés internationaux
Le Programme des candidats des provinces de Saskatchewan lance la catégorie des professions en demande des travailleurs qualifiés internationaux qui offre à un nombre limité de candidats d’être nommés par la province sans employeur parrain.
La catégorie des professions en demande des travailleurs qualifiésinternationaux vise à sélectionner les candidats qui ont l’éducation, l’expérience, les compétences linguistiques et l’adaptabilité à s’établir avec succès en Saskatchewan et contribuer à la prospérité de la province. La nomination est basée sur un système de points que les candidats reçoivent en vertu des facteurs suivants:
- Éducation et formations;
- Expérience de travail;
- Compétences linguistiques;
- Connexion avec la Saskatchewan, y compris famille, offre d’emploi, expérience de travail ou d’études dans la province.
Les candidats doivent obtenir un minimum de 60 sur une possibilité de 100 points dans les facteurs de sélection mentionnés ci-dessus afin d’être considérés pour la nomination. Les candidats doivent également répondre aux critères obligatoires suivants:
- Avoir au minimum un an d’expérience de travail au cours des dix dernières années lié à leur domaine d’études postsecondaires ou de formation, qui doit être reliée à une occupation figurant sur la liste des professions en demande de la Saskatchewan
- Avoir au minimum un an d’expérience de travail au cours des dix dernières années dans la profession envisagée dans une profession de niveau de compétence « 0 », « A » ou « B » de la Classification nationale des professions (CNP);
- Démontrer une maîtrise de la langue de CLB 4 ou plus selon les Standards linguistiques canadiens, si requis par les employeurs ou les organismes de réglementation ;
- Avoir la licence appropriée de l’organisme de réglementation de la Saskatchewan si leur domaine d’éducation ou d’expérience de travail est dans une profession réglementée ou un métier qui demande un apprentissage obligatoire ;
- Avoir des fonds d’établissement suffisants si la demande est sans une offre d’emploi validée.
Un maximum de 500 demandes seront acceptées en 2015 parmi les candidats sans parrainage par l’employeur.
Les personnes ayant fait des études postsecondaires ou une formation formelle et qu’elles ont au minimum un an d’expérience de travail au cours des dix dernières années liés à l’une des professions en demande ci-dessous peuvent se qualifier sans employeur parrain dans la catégorie des travailleurs qualifiés internationaux du programme des candidats des provinces de la Saskatchewan:
- 0711 Directeurs/directrices de la construction
- 1111 Vérificateurs/vérificatrices et comptables
- 1232 Agent/agente de prêts
- 1241 Adjoints administratifs/adjointes administrative (sauf juridique et médical)
- 2131 Ingénieurs civils/ingénieures civiles
- 2132 Ingénieurs mécaniciens/ingénieures mécaniciennes
- 2133 Ingénieurs électriciens et électroniciens/ingénieures électriciennes et électroniciennes
- 2161 Mathématiciens/mathématiciennes, statisticiens/statisticiennes et actuaires
- 2171 Analystes et consultants/consultantes en informatique
- 2173 Ingénieurs/ingénieures et concepteurs/conceptrices en logiciel
- 2174 Programmeurs/programmeuses et développeurs/développeuses en médias interactifs
- 2211 Technologues et techniciens/techniciennes en chimie
- 2212 Technologues et techniciens/techniciennes en géologie et en minéralogie
- 2221 Technologues et techniciens/techniciennes en biologie
- 2222 Inspecteurs/inspectrices des produits agricoles et de la pêche
- 2232 Technologues et techniciens/techniciennes en génie mécanique
- 2234 Estimateurs/estimatrices en construction
- 2241 Technologues et techniciens/techniciennes en génie électronique et électrique
- 2243 Techniciens/techniciennes et mécaniciens/mécaniciennes d’instruments industriels
- 2281 Techniciens/techniciennes de réseau informatique
- 2282 Agents/agentes de soutien aux utilisateurs
- 2283 Évaluateurs/évaluatrices de systèmes informatiques
- 4121 Professeurs universitaires
- 4163 Agents/agentes de développement économique, recherchistes et experts-conseils/expertes-conseils en marketing
- 6221 Spécialistes des ventes techniques – commerce de gros
- 7215 Entrepreneurs/entrepreneuses et contremaîtres/contremaîtresses en charpenterie
- 7217 Entrepreneurs/entrepreneuses et contremaîtres/contremaîtresses des équipes de construction lourde
- 7219 Entrepreneurs/entrepreneuses et contremaîtres/contremaîtresses des autres métiers de la construction et des services de réparation et d’installation
- 7222 Surveillants/surveillantes du transport routier et du transport en commun
- 7231 Machinistes et vérificateurs/vérificatrices d’usinage et d’outillage
- 7232 Outilleurs-ajusteurs/ outilleuses-ajusteuses
- 7241 Électriciens/électriciennes (sauf électriciens industriels/électriciennes industrielles et de réseaux électriques)
- 7242 Électriciens industriels/électriciennes industrielles
- 7246 Installateurs/installatrices et réparateurs/réparatrices de matériel de télécommunications
- 7251 Plombiers/plombières
- 7252 Tuyauteurs/tuyauteuses, monteurs/monteuses d’appareils de chauffage et poseurs/poseuses de gicleurs
- 7261 Tôliers/tôlières
- 7263 Assembleurs/assembleuses et ajusteurs/ajusteuses de plaques et de charpentes métalliques
- 7265 Soudeurs/soudeuses et opérateurs/opératrices de machines à souder et à braser
- 7271 Charpentiers-menuisiers/charpentières- menuisières
- 7281 Briqueteurs-maçons/briqueteuses-maçonnes
- 7282 Finisseurs/finisseuses de béton
- 7283 Carreleurs/carreleuses
- 7284 Plâtriers/plâtrières, poseurs/poseuses et finisseurs/finisseuses de systèmes intérieurs et latteurs/latteuses
- 7291 Couvreurs/couvreuses et poseurs/poseuses de bardeaux
- 7292 Vitriers/vitrières
- 7293 Calorifugeurs/calorifugeuses
- 7294 Peintres et décorateurs/décoratrices (sauf décorateurs/décoratrices d’intérieur)
- 7295 Poseurs/poseuses de revêtements d’intérieur
- 7311 Mécaniciens/mécaniciennes de chantier et mécaniciens industriels/mécaniciennes industrielles
- 7312 Mécaniciens/mécaniciennes d’équipement lourd
- 7313 Mécaniciens/mécaniciennes en réfrigération et en climatisation
- 7316 Ajusteurs/ajusteuses de machines
- 7321 Mécaniciens/mécaniciennes et réparateurs/réparatrices de véhicules automobiles, de camions et d’autobus
- 7322 Débosseleurs/débosseleuses et réparateurs/réparatrices de carrosserie
- 8232 Foreurs/foreuses et personnel de mise à l’essai et des autres services reliés à l’extraction de pétrole et de gaz
- 8253 Surveillants/surveillantes d’exploitations agricoles et ouvriers spécialisés/ouvrières spécialisées dans l’élevage du bétail
- 9212 Surveillants/surveillantes dans le raffinage du pétrole, dans le traitement du gaz et des produits chimiques
- 9213 Surveillants/surveillantes dans la transformation des aliments, des boissons et des produits connexes
Administrative Monetary Penalties (AMPs) & other Consequences for Non Compliant Employers Hiring Temporary Foreign Workers
|Item||Column 1 |
|Column 3 |
|1.||209.2(1)(b)(i)||Be able to demonstrate that any information provided in respect of a work permit application was accurate during a period of six years, beginning on the first day of the foreign national’s employment||Type A|
|2.||209.2(1)(b)(ii) and 209.3(1)(c)(ii)||Retain any document that relates to compliance with cited conditions during a period of six years, beginning on the first day of the foreign national’s employment||Type A|
|3.||209.3(1)(a)(iii)(C)||For employers of a live-in caregiver: have sufficient financial resources to pay wages that were offered||Type A|
|4.||209.3(1)(c)(i)||Be able to demonstrate that any information provided for the assessment was accurate during a period of six years, beginning on the first day of the foreign national’s employment||Type A|
|5.||209.4(1)(a)||Report at any time and place specified to answer questions and provide documents||Type A|
|6.||209.4(1)(b)||Provide required documents||Type A|
|7.||209.4(1)(c)||Attend any inspection, unless the employer was not notified, give all reasonable assistance to the person conducting the inspection and provide that person with any required document or information||Type A|
|8.||209.2(1)(a)(ii) and 209.3(1)(a)(ii)||Comply with the federal and provincial laws that regulate employment and the recruiting of employees in the province in which the foreign national works||Type B|
|9.||209.2(1)(a)(iii) and 209.3(1)(a)(iv)||Provide the foreign national with employment in the same occupation and substantially the same, but not less favourable, wages and working conditions as outlined in the foreign national’s offer of employment||Type B|
|10.||209.3(1)(a)(iii)(A)||For employers of a live-in caregiver: ensure that foreign national resides in a private household in Canada and provides child care, senior home support care or care of a disabled person in that household without supervision||Type B|
|11.||209.3(1)(b)(i)||Ensure that the employment of the foreign national will result in direct job creation or retention for Canadian citizens or permanent residents, if that was a factor that led to the issuance of the work permit||Type B|
|12.||209.3(1)(b)(ii)||Ensure that the employment of the foreign national will result in the development or transfer of skills and knowledge for the benefit of Canadian citizens or permanent residents, if that was a factor that led to the issuance of the work permit||Type B|
|13.||209.3(1)(b)(iii)||Hire or train Canadian citizens or permanent residents, if that was a factor that led to the issuance of the work permit||Type B|
|14.||209.3(1)(b)(iv)||Make reasonable efforts to hire or train Canadian citizens or permanent residents, if that was a factor that led to the issuance of the work permit||Type B|
|15.||209.2(1)(a)(i) and 209.3(1)(a)(i)||Be actively engaged in the business in which the offer of employment was made, unless the offer was made for employment as a live-in caregiver||Type C|
|16.||209.3(1)(a)(iii)(B)||For employers of a live-in caregiver: provide the foreign national with adequate furnished private accommodation in the household||Type C|
|17.||209.2(1)(a)(iv) and 209.3(1)(a)(v)||Make reasonable efforts to provide a workplace that is free of abuse within the meaning of paragraph 72.1(7)(a) of these Regulations||Type C|
ADMINISTRATIVE MONETARY PENALTY AMOUNTS
Total Number of Points
Type A Violation
Type B Violation
Type C Violation
|Individual or Small Business ($)||Large Business ($)||Individual or Small Business ($)||Large Business ($)||Individual or Small Business ($)||Large Business ($)|
|1.||0 or 1||none||none||none||none||none||none|
|9.||9 or 10||30,000||45,000||50,000||60,000||60,000||70,000|
|10.||11 or 12||40,000||60,000||60,000||70,000||70,000||80,000|
|11.||13 or 14||50,000||70,000||70,000||80,000||80,000||90,000|
|12.||15 or more||100,000||100,000||100,000||100,000||100,000||100,000|
PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY
Total Number of Points
Type A Violation
Type B Violation
Type C Violation
|1.||0 to 5||none||none||none|
|3.||7||none||1 year||2 years|
|4.||8||1 year||2 years||5 years|
|5.||9 or 10||2 years||5 years||10 years|
|6.||11 or 12||5 years||10 years||10 years|
|7.||13 or 14||10 years||10 years||10 years|
|8.||15 or more||permanent||permanent||permanent|
|1.||For Type A and Type B violations — first violation||1|
|2.||For Type A violations — second or subsequent violation||2|
|3.||For Type B violations — second violation||2|
|4.||For Type C violations — first violation||2|
|5.||For Type B violations — third or subsequent violation||3|
|6||For Type C violations — second violation||3|
|7.||For Type C violations — third or subsequent violation||4|
SEVERITY OF THE VIOLATION
|1.||The employer derived competitive or economic benefit from the violation||0 to 6|
|2.||The violation involved abuse of a foreign national (physical, psychological, sexual or financial)||0 to 10|
|3.||The violation negatively affected the Canadian labour market or the Canadian economy||0 to 6|
|4.||The employer did not make reasonable efforts to minimize or remediate the effects of the violation||0 to 3|
|5.||The employer did not make reasonable efforts to prevent recurrence of the violation||0 to 3|