Under a shared jurisdiction between Ottawa and the provinces, Canada operates a two-tiered immigration system, offering programs for skilled workers, at both federal and provincial levels.
Through a network of Nominee Programs (PNP), almost all of Canada’s ten provinces and three territories can nominate skilled worker candidates for admission to Canada with the specific skills required by their local economies. Successful candidates who receive a provincial or territorial nomination can then apply for Canadian permanent residence through federal immigration authorities. This is an important component of all provincial programs.
Many provinces also run their own categories under the Canada Express Entry System. As a result, the provinces have an increasing role in the selection of economic immigrants.
Choose a province to learn more about Provincial Nominee Programs
In some instances, candidates who do not qualify under one of the federal programs may qualify for admission to Canada under a PNP. Some candidates may also qualify for a temporary work permit in the interim, allowing for early entry to Canada for the applicant and their accompanying dependants.
Many of the large provincial programs face problems with processing delays. Canada attracts considerable interest from potential new immigrants, far surpassing the processing capacity of immigration programs.
The Canada Express Entry system has successfully tackled processing delays, while many of the provinces are now choosing to open and close their popular streams periodically throughout the year to avoid large backlogs.
The importance of sponsoring employers
Under some provincial programs, candidates are nominated by a prospective employer and, once approved by the province, are subject to an expedited process. In the initial stages, applicants can receive temporary, renewable work permits to enter Canada while they are being processed for permanent residence.
The skilled worker-based provincial programs, with the exception of Quebec, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, generally require an employer to sponsor the applicant for admission to Canada. Without a government-approved employer sponsorship, the application will either not be approved, or will be routinely passed over in favour of applications with an employer sponsored approval.
Sponsoring employers under most provincial programs must demonstrate sufficient efforts to hire local Canadians and offer competitive terms and conditions of employment that are relevant to a particular occupation. Between provinces, variations exist in the terms and conditions of employment to qualify to sponsor a foreign worker.
To qualify as a sponsored employee, the position being filled must generally conform to a National Occupation Classification (NOC) skill type 0 or level A, B; or alternatively, must meet the terms of a particular pilot project designed for a specific critical skill shortage identified by the province.
Pilot programs within the provinces are designed for low skilled workers and are limited in scope. Most of the provinces have variations of pilot projects for low skilled occupations.
Latest Provincial Immigration News
2020-03-31 - British Columbia immigration has conducted a new provincial draw, issuing 311 invitations to apply with specific criteria related... Read More
2020-03-27 - Saskatchewan immigration issued invitations to 205 candidates in 71 occupations in its latest Expression of Interest draw. The... Read More
2020-03-27 - Manitoba immigration has issued 226 Letters of Advice to Apply to skilled workers and international graduates through the... Read More
2020-03-26 - The province of New Brunswick is restricting inter-provincial migration in a move aimed to help the fight against... Read More
2020-03-25 - Ontario nominated nearly 7,400 principal immigration applicants in 2019, representing nearly 13,750 newcomers to the province including spouses... Read More
2020-03-24 - Alberta issued 100 Notification of Interest Letters to candidates with Comprehensive Ranking System scores as low as 300... Read More
2020-03-23 - The Newfoundland & Labrador Office of Immigration says it will continue essential services for newcomers and employers during... Read More
2020-03-23 - British Columbia immigration has issued 87 invitations to skilled workers and international graduates in a new BC PNP... Read More
2020-03-20 - Prince Edward Island says it will reschedule the Expression of Interest draw it said would take place on... Read More
2020-03-18 - Prince Edward Island will conduct a third draw of 2020 through its Expression of Interest system on Thursday,... Read More
2020-03-14 - Manitoba immigration has issued 222 Letters of Advice to Apply to skilled workers and international graduates through the... Read More
2020-03-14 - Alberta’s provincial government will develop a new immigration strategy including two entrepreneur streams to help plug labour market... Read More
2020-03-12 - Alberta issued 150 Notification of Interest Letters to candidates with Comprehensive Ranking System scores as low as 300... Read More
2020-03-11 - British Columbia immigration has issued 332 invitations to apply in a new draw through the British Columbia Provincial... Read More
2020-03-09 - What are the obligations of a new immigrant arriving in Canada via a provincial immigration program to actually... Read More
2020-03-06 - Saskatchewan immigration invited 73 candidates in its second Entrepreneur Stream draw of 2020. The March 5 draw was... Read More
2020-03-04 - British Columbia immigration has issued 80 invitations to IT candidates in a new draw through the BC PNP... Read More
2020-03-04 - Ontario opened an application window for its Employer Job Offer streams for International Students and Foreign Workers on... Read More
2020-03-03 - Saskatchewan immigration will conduct a new draw through the province’s popular Entrepreneur Stream on Thursday, March 5. The... Read More
2020-03-02 - British Columbia immigration has issued 290 invitations in its first general draw in a month through the British... Read More
2020-02-28 - Saskatchewan immigration issued invitations to apply to 576 candidates in 94 occupations in its latest Expression of Interest... Read More