Co-op / Internship Work Permit: Foreign students who wish to participate in a co-op or internship program in a Canadian institution would need to apply for a work permit. In addition, they would need to apply for a study permit as well. To be eligible for the co-op / internship work permit program, applicants would need to meet the following conditions. They would need to:
Have a valid study permit or apply for the work permit in conjunction with a study permit
Demonstrate that their intended employment is an essential and integral part of their program of study in Canada
Ensure that their employment is certified as part of their academic program by a letter from a responsible academic official of the institution and,
Ensure that their co-op or internship employment does not form more than 50 percent of the total program of study
Co-Sponsor: This refers to a person or organisation that partners with a private sponsor. The co-sponsor thus shares in the delivery of settlement assistance and support provided to privately sponsored refugees. It is worth mentioning that co-sponsors could be family members of the sponsored refugee living in Canada.
Country of Citizenship: This refers to a country of which a person is a citizen. It is worth highlighting that a person could well be a citizen of more than one country.
Country of Nationality: The applicant’s country of nationality is also the applicant’s country of citizenship. For more details, refer to the definitions of the term ‘Country of Citizenship’.
Country of Residence: This refers to the country a person is living in. It is worth mentioning that a person’s country of residence could be different from the person’s country or countries of citizenship.
Cours de Langue pour les Immigrants au Canada (CLIC): This refers to a free French language training programs conducted for adult newcomers to Canada. The federal government typically funds these programs. In addition, school boards, colleges and local organisations that typically provide services to newcomers deliver these programs.
Credential Assessment Service: This refers to a provincially mandated organisation that bears the responsibility for assessing the portability of foreign credentials. Such organisations could be regulatory bodies or post-secondary institutions. In Canada, provincial and territorial governments are generally responsible for assessing and recognising credentials.
Criminal Inadmissibility: Situations could arise where the authorities do not permit a person to enter or stay in Canada. This is usually because the person has committed or been convicted of a crime for which the person has not received a record suspension (formerly known as a pardon) or been rehabilitated under the provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). It is worth mentioning that the crime could have been committed and / or the conviction rendered in or outside Canada. For more details, refer to the definitions of the terms ‘Deemed Rehabilitation’, ‘Criminal Rehabilitation’ and ‘Record Suspension’.
Criminal Rehabilitation (or Overcoming Criminal Inadmissibility): This term refers to an application process that permits an individual who has committed or been convicted of a crime outside Canada to enter or stay in Canada. In this context, the term ‘Rehabilitation’ means that the person is no longer considered inadmissible to Canada for a specific criminal offence. This is in accordance with the provisions specified in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). A person has the ability to apply for rehabilitation if at least five years have passed since the commission of the act and if all criminal sentences have been completed. In order to receive the approval for rehabilitation, the applicant would need to show that:
The applicant led a stable life and,
The applicant is not likely to commit any more crimes
For more details, refer to the definitions of the terms ‘Deemed Rehabilitation’, ‘Rehabilitation’, ‘Criminal Inadmissibility’ and ‘Record Suspension’.
Crown Servant: This denotes a person employed in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory. This does not usually include employment as a locally engaged person.
Decision Letter: This denotes an official letter that the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) typically sends to applicants. The purpose of this letter is to notify the applicants of the decision on their cases. In addition, it informs the applicants of all the steps that they would need to take next.
Deemed Rehabilitation: Situations could arise where a person who has been convicted of a crime outside Canada might become admissible or be deemed rehabilitated after the end of five or 10 years. This applies in all cases except in cases of serious criminality. The authorities do not require applicants to submit applications for consideration for deemed rehabilitation. However, it is worth highlighting that the authorities typically assess whether people qualify for deemed rehabilitation based on their individual circumstances. For more details, refer to the definitions of the terms ‘Criminal Rehabilitation’, ‘Rehabilitation’, ‘Criminal Inadmissibility’ and ‘Record Suspension’.
Departure Order: This refers to a removal order issued either by a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officer or the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) – an independent administrative tribunal. The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) is typically responsible for deciding immigration and refugee related matters. The authorities typically issue departure orders against people who have violated Canada’s immigration law. Therefore, on receiving the departure orders, the people named on the departure orders would need to leave Canada within 30 days. In case they do not do this, the departure order becomes a deportation order. For more details on this, refer to the section titled ‘Removals’ given on the website of Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).
Dependent: This refers to a spouse, common-law partner or dependent child of a permanent resident or a principal applicant
Dependent Child: This denotes a child who remains dependent on the parent for financial and other support. The authorities typically consider a daughter or son a dependent of the parent, when the daughter or son is:
Below 19 years of age and does not have a spouse or a partner or,
Of the age of 19 years or older and has depended largely on the parent’s financial support since before the age of 19 years because of a physical or a mental condition
It is worth mentioning that prior to August 01, 2014, the definition of a dependent child was a child who depends on the parent for financial and other support. The authorities typically consider a daughter or son a dependent of the parent, when the daughter or son is:
Below 22 years of age and does not have a spouse or a partner or,
Of the age of 22 years or older and has depended largely on the parent’s financial support since before the age of 22 years because of a physical or a mental condition
A full-time student on an ongoing basis since before the age of 22 years and has depended largely on the parent’s financial support since that time or,
Of the age of 22 years and over and:
Has become a spouse or partner prior to attaining the age of 22 years and,
Has been a full-time student on an ongoing basis since before attaining the age of 22 years and,
Has depended largely on a parent’s financial support since the individual became a spouse or partner