Only one week since being formally sworn in, the Canadian government revealed important immigration policy changes and confirming that Syrian refugees will dominate the storyline for the rest of the year. Many of the policies were outlined in our previous writing How the Liberals Can Improve Canada’s Immigration Policies.
On refugees, the Liberal government’s senior most cabinet ministers will oversee a committee of nine cabinet ministers chaired by Health Minister Jane Philpott with Heritage Minister Mélanie Joly serving as vice-chair. The committee will oversee the task of bringing in 25,000 Syrian refugees by the end of the year. Immigration and Refugees Minister John McCallum also confirmed the government is working with stakeholders on creating the process for selecting and securing exit permits for refugees. The use of temporary ministerial permits is also being considered. A portion of asylum seekers will be housed on military bases. Ottawa is considering ships, commercial aircraft or military planes. Air Canada will help with transportation before the holiday rush, and ferrying refugees from neighbouring countries. The Liberals pledged that the 25,000 refugees would be sponsored by the government, with taxpayers covering the first-year costs of resettlement.
Other refugee policy announcements include:
- Invest $200 million over this fiscal year and next to increase refugee processing, as well as sponsorship and settlement services capacity in Canada.
- Provide an immediate $100 million new contribution to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees to support the critical relief activities in the region.
- Fully restoring the Interim Federal Health Program.
- Establishing an Expert Human Rights Panel for determination of designated countries of origin and to provide a right to appeal refugee decisions for citizens from such countries. The panel will include representatives from international human rights groups.
- Ending the practice of appointing individuals without subject matter expertise to the immigration and Refugee Board of Canada.
On family reunification policy, changes include:
- Nearly doubling the budget for family class immigration processing, in order to restore processing times to levels achieved before the Harper decade.
- Doubling the number of new applications allowed each year, for parents and grandparents, from 5000 to 10,000.
- Providing greater access to applicants with Canadian siblings, by granting additional points under the Express Entry system.
- Restoring the maximum age for dependents to 22 instead of 19, allowing Canadians – often live-in caregivers – to bring their children to Canada.
- Granting immediate permanent residency to new spouses entering Canada, rather than imposing a two year conditional status that puts spouses – often women – in a position of extreme vulnerability.
On citizenship, changes include:
- Repeal of the unfair elements of Bill C-24 that create second-class citizens and the provisions that make it more difficult for immigrants to become Canadian citizens.
- Restoration of temporary residence time credit for foreign students and other temporary residents applying to become Canadian citizens.
On express entry system:
- Conduct a full review of the program to ensure processing times are efficient.
- Review of Canadian Experience Class to reduce barriers to immigration for international students.
Other policies include:
- Elimination of $1,000 Labour Market Impact Assessment fee for families applying for caregivers.
- Removal of visa requirement imposed on Mexican and phasing out of visa requirements for several other countries.
- Work with provincial and territorial governments and the banking industry to improve regulation of the foreign remittance industry and reduce transaction fees.
- Regulate service providers in the caregiver industry.
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The controversy regarding the wearing of the niqab during Canada’s citizenship ceremony was one of many immigration issues that shaped the recent federal election campaign won by Justin Trudeau and the liberals.
Immigration is a regular topic of discussion in Canada where one in five people are born outside the country. Immigration policy is as complex as Canada’s diverse population. The source of our immigrant community comprises more than 100 countries.
In Western Canada, the British Columbia Liberal success was evident in all three of Surrey’s largely Indo-Canadian ridings. Few issues were as important as Prime Minister Trudeau’s promise to double the number of parents and grandparents allowed into Canada each year. Family reunification is on the minds of just about on every member of the Indo-community.
Here are other issues:
Responding to the current European migrant crisis, Trudeau committed to admit 25,000 Syrian refugees before the end of 2015. International refugee officials are already raising concerns.
A former Canadian ambassador to Syria and Lebanon, has warned that about half of those picked in refugee camps will be psychologically traumatized, with many unable to work.
The British government has issued an extra reminder to humanitarian taxpayers: Each Syrian refugee will cost about $40,000 CDN in the first year.
Trudeau promised to double the number of parents and grandparents who could come to Canada to 10,000 a year.
A Forum poll has found that Canadians oppose, by a 2.5-to-one margin, boosting such family reunification programs. Despite South Asians being eager to bring parents and grandparents to Canada, a majority of Canadians know that thousands of seniors will cost billions of dollars to Canada’s struggling national health care and pension systems.
Harper was the only leader to boldly respond to the housing affordability crisis in Toronto and especially Vancouver – promising to collect data on foreign ownership, significantly restricting foreign speculation on housing. Some economists believe that foreign ownership and high immigration to Canada’s large cities combine to increase the cost of urban housing.
The Conservative government raised Canada’s projected immigration levels for 2015 to 285,000 a year from 265,000.
The Liberals campaigned towards maintaining Canada’s immigration policies as the world’s most welcoming. This is consistent with policies under previous liberal governments.